How to write a synthesis essay: Outline and Free Examples

How to write a synthesis essay: Outline and Free Examples

Writing a synthesis essay can be intimidating and difficult, but with the right outline and some understanding of how to write this type of paper, it can actually be easier than you would expect. It’s important for students to know how to write an effective synthesis paper because it can be used in the college admissions process and in business presentations.

This blog post will provide you with an outline for writing your own synthesis essay as well as give you links to examples that I have found around the web.

Synthesis Essay Meaning

What is a synthesis essay? This is a type of academic writing where the author takes information from two or more sources and uses it to make a new argument. It is often seen as one of the most important types of essays for students as they progress through school and are required to use more complicated texts.

It’s important for the writer to be able to identify and articulate what are the commonalities between different perspectives on an issue. What makes this difficult is that not all authors use the same terminology or definitions when talking about concepts relevant to their argument; as such, you’ll have to do some work in figuring out what they’re trying to say before you can come up with your own synthesis of their ideas.

Synthesis Driven Thesis Statement

The synthesis driven thesis statement is all about the key points of the synthesis essay and how they relate to one another. This should be done by providing a short sentence or two for each point made in this part it encourages your readers to read more into what you are writing.

The thesis statement should be as concise and clear as possible, including the major point that is being synthesized in a sentence format-for instance: “As A agrees with B on one issue but disagrees with C on another topic.”

In order to carry out an outstanding synthesis in academic writing, it’s important to come up with a good synthesis driven thesis which contains all the ideas you have explored throughout your argumentative paper.

How They Are Used in Academia

In college level courses, students frequently use them in various tasks such as when writing  term papers for their respective departments’ coursework requirements when they are required to bring all relevant pieces of evidence found through primary and secondary research together into one cohesive argument regarding some aspect of life–it can be social science related issue like sexuality, political issues etcetera (Explanatory Synthesis).

Steps involved in Academic synthesis writing

  1. You’ll need a good understanding of the topic or issue that your paper is addressing–a clear and thorough knowledge of the relevant literature. Using this information, develop a research question for your essay-one with enough depth so that it will allow you to explore all aspects of what needs investigating (i.e., how does poverty affect child development?). Developing such questions can be difficult; they may take time and consideration before coming up with one which seems appropriate.
  2. Choose keywords/phrases from throughout sources: use these as headers or subheadings in order to organize them in groups according on their respective themes or topics. For each group, you will write a paragraph that analyzes what you have found in the literature.
  3. Once all your subheadings are set up for an entire body of literature (which should be at least five to six sources), it is time to start writing about them under different headings: introduction, body and conclusion.
  • The introduction section must include an overview of the whole paper topic and its major points as well as preliminary conclusions on how they relate to one another-this can be done by providing a synthesis sentence or two per point made in this part of the essay.
  • The body section will discuss the points raised in introduction and provide an analysis of each point.
  • Finally, the conclusion should sum up everything that was said before or draw a final synthesis sentence per point made earlier on.

 

Common Types of Synthesis Essay

Explanatory Synthesis

An explanatory essay will examine different perspectives about a single event/idea from several sources (e.g., newspaper articles). For this type of essay, make sure you include enough evidence to support what you are saying convincingly.

Argumentative Synthesis Essay

An argumentative synthesis essay will explore two different perspectives about a topic and show the reader which one is more accurate. For this type of paper, research an article from each perspective to prove your claims. When writing this type of essay, look for a widely debatable topic and offer your stance on the issue. This is not just an opinion paper; you will need to provide plenty of evidence that supports your position convincingly in order for it to be effective.

Ap Lang Synthesis Essay Outline and Format

Introduction

The Introduction of a synthesis essay should contain information that sets up your thesis statement on what you believe are the important points in the text you’re analyzing for your synthesized paragraph(s). In order to do so effectively, it’s recommended to introduce anything that might be relevant related previous knowledge or outside sources before presenting any point of analysis.

It’s also necessary to include textual evidence immediately following introductions as soon as possible before moving onto other paragraphs. Make sure not only include textual evidence but also outside sources to back up your points.

Thesis statements contain the main idea of a paper and should be clearly stated in one sentence (or not more than two sentences). They are usually found at the end of an introduction or after introductory paragraphs, for instance paragraph four. When you write this thesis statement make sure that it’s clear about what point you’re trying to prove so if there is any doubt then try re-writing it until all doubts have been answered and resolved.

Body

This body section of a synthesis essay contains several paragraphs which support your argumentative claim with textual evidence from the text being analyzed as well as other external references/sources/information. Each paragraph has a specific purpose such as providing background information, giving reasons or defining terms (or phrases).

Conclusion

The conclusion is where you summarize the points that have been made in your synthesis essay. You should bring together all of the ideas and arguments so to make it easy for readers to understand what your paper was about. It is also a good idea to give some advice based on their new knowledge because this will keep them interested enough in order to read more of your work!

Outline Sample

Introduction + Thesis Statement

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Body paragraph #01: Topic sentence, Point One, Point Two, Synthesis Sentence on Topic Conclusion

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Body Paragraph #02: Topic Sentence, Point Three -Point Four- Synthesis Sentences on those Points Conclusion

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Body Paragraph #03: Topic Sentence, Point Five -Point Six- Synthesis Sentences on those Points Conclusion

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Conclusion + Ending Statement (optional)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

40+ Synthesis Essay Topics

  1. Effects of Technology on Society: A Cautionary Tale for the Future?
  2. What Kind of Person Would You Like to Be?
  3. Local Environmental Issues: A Historical Perspective on the Development and Evolution in Policies for Protecting Local Environments
  4. How Does Family Structure Affect Happiness?
  5. The Effects of Artistic Expression on Self-Esteem; The Implications for Therapy as a Career Path Among Female Artists
  6. Can People Change Their Actions or Behaviors After They’re Diagnosed With Cancer?
  7. Social Media’s Impact On Society – What It Means For Business Owners And Entrepreneurs Today, More Than Ever Before!
  8. The Role of Social Media in the Lives and Experiences of Our Youth
  9. Gender Differences: Why are Women More Sociable than Men?
  10. Arguments for and Against Recreational Marijuana
  11. Impact of the Voiceless in America
  12. Censorship: Does it Protect Society or Hurt It?
  13. The Role of Women in American Politics and Social Issues
  14. Homosexuality Should Be Accepted by Western Cultures, Not Rejected as a Sinful Choice. Arguments for and Against
  15. Borders: A Necessary Evil in a Global World?
  16. The Future of Food as We Know It: Will Supermarkets Be Replaced by Local Markets tailored to the Needs of their Community?
  17. What is The Future for Climate Change after Trump’s Election Victory?
  18. Trump’s Policies on Immigration Reform. Pros and Cons
  19. How to Do Good in the World
  20. The Importance of Mentorships for Youth: The Impact on Personal Development and Academic Performance
  21. The Pointlessness of Conforming to Social Norms
  22. How Monsanto Affected a Farming System in India
  23. Should All Drugs be Legalized?
  24. Is There Such Thing as Accidental Genius?
  25. Common Effects of Technology on the Teenage Brain:
  26. The Impact of Social Media Addictions (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Pinterest, LinkedIn, Reddit and Youtube) to Society
  27. A Sociological Analysis of Smartphones and their Effect on Communicating with Others
  28. Digital Marketing – The Pros and Cons?
  29. Is It Possible For There To Be A Digital Divide Between Children With and Without Technology?
  30. The Effects of Technology on Society: A Cautionary Tale for the Future
  31. How Does Social Media Affect Our Lives and Relationships with Friends and Family?
  32. What are the Benefits or Drawbacks to Using a Smartphone as Your Only Phone Device?
  33. Is Too Much Screen Time Destroying Our Kids’ Brains?
  34. Evolution of Language
  35. The future of the Internet
  36. Why Do Students Drop Out?
  37. The Role of Media on Society
  38. Is That All There is to Life? A Look Into The Meaninglessness Of Materialism In America (What role
  39. Effects of Technology on Society: A Cautionary Tale for the Future?
  40. You are an Outgroup: Living in a Minoritized Perspective
  41. No Child Left Behind Act and its Effects on Education
  42. The Importance of Gender Equality in Education Systems and Societies. Why is this so Important to You?

Key Takeaways

  • Introduce the topic and explain what a synthesis essay is.
  • Synthesize information from your readings, lectures, discussions with classmates or peers to write an argumentative analysis paper on one specific issue.
  • Explain how you should do this in three paragraphs: introduction, body paragraph(s) for evidence of thesis statement and conclusion.

Looking for Help on Writing a Paper?

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