Both civilizations were considered as polytheistic, signifying trust in numerous gods. The leaders were assumed to be god’s descendants because of the massive wealth and authority. The Mesopotamians were cynical because of the harsh life as compared to the hopeful Egyptians. The region inhabited by Mesopotamians had concerns with overflowing, and their view of their idols was impulsive. The Egyptians’ optimism was attributed to their closeness to the Nile River and less punitive way of life and whose gods were in accord with each other.
One of the key aspects that resulted in the downfall of the Roman Empire was embracing a new religion, Christianity. In contrast to the conventional Roman religion that was polytheistic, Christianity was considered to be monotheistic. Based on Edward Gibbon’s sentiments, religion appeared to be odd, and in most cases, the Romans persecuted the Christians because of their principles that were predominant amongst the underprivileged. Persecution ended in 313 C.E. when Roman Emperor labelled as Constantine the Great eradicated all oppressions and acknowledged that Christianity should be accepted as a religion. This unforeseen move by the emperor facilitated the rapid spread of Christianity. Because Christianity stretched to the whole empire, the emperor’s authority was considerably reduced, which ultimately resulted in the empire’s collapse.
In 284 AD, the Roman Kingdom split in two by King Diocletian. The Christian conviction was the only uniting facet between East, West, Latin and Greek dialect. During warfare, Charlemagne was effectual, labelling him as a strong leader. Nonetheless, the army authority made Charles the Great a unifying aspect, but his leadership style, allegiance to Pope Leo III, and his strategies and Catholic faith facilitated neutrality. After his demise, there was an insignificant scholarly revolution, reducing the empire’s lower chances of survival. Because of the non-existence of Charlemagne’s guidance in managing the succession, the Holy Roman Empire of Charles the Great internally crumpled, exposing the kingdom to defeat.
Calling the Thirty Years’ War the “first modern war” is a more accurate assessment because the war displayed similarities to wars fought between countries in contemporary societies today. While what facilitated the warfare was founded on differences in religious view at the Defenestration of Prague in 1618, the summit that instigated the Bohemian chapter of the warfare, the core reasons behind the battles were rapidly exposed to be more politically instigated. Similar to current wars, lack of religious conviction was utilized to generate a cultural orthodoxy and justify attaining more authority and land.
After the assassination of Julius Caesar, Augustine became the first Rome emperor. During his time in power, Augustus stretched the kingdom by increasing several territories. Also, his rule was dubbed as the Pax Romana, also described as Roman Peace that continued for forty-one years. His accomplishments consist of taxation reforms, the establishment of transport networks, and a robust military that assisted him to enlarge his territory.
Constantine became the west senior ruler during the Britannia campaign. Afterwards, he formally became the ruler of both the eastern and western regions of the Rome Kingdom. During his rule, Constantine executed several systems such as monetary, social along with revolutionizing the army. He is also labelled as the first Christian king after decriminalizing Christianity.
William the Conqueror, also identified as William, the Bastard, was Duke’s legitimate son. William took over his father’s reign after his demise, with the assistance of Henry. He is identified as the first ruler to carry out a census in England, likewise identified as the Domesday Book. Other accomplishments are redrafted tax laws, property entitlements, along with adjusting ownership of land. Augustus was the most commanding, whilst William the Conqueror was the vulnerable leader. August is considered a strong leader since Constantine’s achievements made possible by his accomplishments. In contrast, William the Conqueror is considered to be weak as he did not fully assimilate himself into Anglo-Saxon England and relocated back to France, where he passed on.