Transactional actors such as non-governmental organizations, churches, and intergovernmental organizations have continued to change international politics through awareness creation and advocacy. These approaches have enabled these institutions to counter the interests of the influential social segments. Powerful individuals take advantage of some of the community members’ inferior status and expose them to inappropriate situations and outcomes. For instance, a politician may reach out to the poor people and offer them monetary resources or any other incentive to cause havoc. They find themselves in circumstances that might cost them their lives and injuries during wars and conflicts with the divergent political side. Thus, transactional actors come in to offer advocacy and awareness creation services. For instance, the UN has been on the frontline to create awareness about political pressure, wars, and conflicts.
UN’s Participation in Ending Apartheid
The UN successfully ended the long-standing apartheid status in South Africa. The organization organized numerous negotiations that sought to restore peace and unity in the nation. Some of the UN’s incentives included economic and other forms of sanctions against the South Africa government. It encouraged various institutions such as the non-governmental organizations, committed governments, and individuals to isolate from South Africa’s regime. UN focused on the humanitarian needs of the locals. As Gladstone (2020) states, the UN is a leading provider of humanitarian aid. It is always focused on addressing issues that affect the lives of community members. The primary focus was to spread the freedom movement agenda in South Africa’s apartheid situation. The locals enjoyed their rights and freedom afterward due to the participation of the UN. Overall, the United Nations portrayed an advanced effectiveness level in ending the apartheid policy in South Africa.