The Role of Race and Gender in Victimization

Criminal activities hurt society by interfering with its overall growth and development. However, in many instances, crime is often viewed using the race and gender lens. As a result, certain population groups are portrayed to be more likely to engage in criminal activities than others. From this realization, the misguided perspectives often result in widespread victimization, undermining the nature of relations between the affected population group and their counterparts in contemporary society. For instance, men are believed to be more likely to commit crimes than their female counterparts, a stereotype that influences the approaches used by law enforcement agents during crackdowns. In the same vein, racial attributes contribute primarily to the widespread victimization witnessed today because of their impact on the perspectives of individuals towards various aspects of life and society. Therefore, gender and racial stereotypes affect the attitudes of individuals towards criminal activities in the modern world, where certain population groups are perceived to have a criminal mindset because of their identity.

In the American criminal justice system, men have the highest incarceration rates compared to their female counterparts. While this statistical element captures the role of gender in criminal victimization, there is a growing need to examine the impact of stereotypes on minority population groups within the American context (National Center for Victims of Crime, 2020). Notably, the justice system is expected to embrace fairness during its operations to punish criminal behavior and promote innocence. Unfortunately, however, many incarceration cases in the U.S. point to a scenario where convictions are based on gender and racial stereotypes.

On many occasions, victimization is often viewed from a shallow perspective where scholars focus on the immediate impact of wrongful convictions on individuals. Even though some studies have examined the influence of unfair trials and rulings on the views of the affected population groups towards life, there is a need to promote awareness on the impact of traumatic events on individuals regardless of their gender or race (National Center for Victims of Crime, 2020). Besides, future studies should focus on the quality of relations between minority population groups and the dominant population in the U.S. and beyond.

The victim-offender overlap is an exciting relationship that is often based on victimization, delinquency, and the actual perpetration of criminal activities. Many scholars use the routine activity theory to explore the victim-offender overlap, where they view offending and victimization from a contemporary perspective (National Center for Victims of Crime, 2020). Significantly, the absence of a guardian in a young person’s life exposes them to a wide range of threats that interfere with their perspectives towards life. In this regard, their behavior is largely shaped by external factors that influence their relations with other people and interpret different aspects of life and society.

Misinterpretations of gender and racial elements affect the perspectives of individuals towards criminal activities in the modern world, where certain population groups are perceived to have a criminal mindset because of their identity. In this regard, victimization is heavily rooted in the American criminal justice system, where minority population groups are subjected to unfair grounds that undermine their existence. Many studies have explored the relationship between victims and their offenders using the victim-offender overlap. However, understanding the impact of victimization requires one to widen their scope of thinking to understand the various issues that contribute to realizing different outcomes in the world today.




National Center for Victims of Crime. (2020, July 9). Part 1: What Makes Victimization Traumatic. YouTube, Retrieved from

National Center for Victims of Crime. (2020, July 27). Part 3: Involvement in the Criminal Justice System. YouTube, Retrieved from

National Center for Victims of Crime. (2020, July 28). Part 4: Treatment within the Criminal Justice System. YouTube, Retrieved from

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