Sociological Approaches to Poverty and Health, Structure and Agency

Poverty is equally clarified from a sociological standpoint. The nature, causes, and repercussions of poverty focus on the sociology of poverty. Furthermore, understanding poverty from a sociological perspective concentrates on society’s structure and agency and how this corresponds to social complications and personal lives. Poverty sociological readings can be traced back to the mid-1800s. Even though poverty was not an important subject at the time, their perspectives are associated with social structure, economic system, and disparities. Marx and Engels’ capitalism, Durkheim’s functional prerequisites of social disparity, Weber’s significance of authority and regard, and Comte’s drastic destabilization and change in society are prominent theorists of economic hardship and attribute destitution to society. Both theories state that kids born into poverty have similar principles and rules as children born into affluent families.

Poor wages because of an insensitive boss, a lack of employment because of discrimination between educated and uneducated people, and low quality of schools attributed to low quality of instructors and a poor atmosphere, among other things, are some of the reasons for poverty. These theories include social exclusion. Ethnic minority groups are the most socially marginalized or discriminated against by social organizations. The perspective of supremacy among the nation’s citizens socially excluded them from engaging in community gatherings and obtaining essential government services. These traps stifle growth or cause the household to regress to economic hardship. Poor health is the leading cause of poverty. It can rapidly push people into poverty, particularly those who are close to the bottom of the socioeconomic ranking and lack healthcare coverage or considerable reserves to cover out-of-pocket medical outlays. The fiscal consequences of health upsets have the potential to keep poor individuals impoverished by rapidly diminishing.

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