Research methods are considered as strategies used to implement the research design through collecting and analyzing data in research. Establishing a research method is an integral part of the research design. The research method depends on the research goal and the type of data that the researcher requires to answer the research questions. This paper will compare and contrast the strengths and limitations of three different research methods used in criminal justice research. The three research methods include participant observation, Interviewing and surveys.
Survey research is one of the most used research methods in the field of criminal justice (Bachmann & Schutt, 2020). Surveys entail the collection of data through a reasonably large group of individuals through the use of questionnaires and interviews (Dantzker, Hunter & Quinn, 2016). Data obtained from surveys is directly obtained from the source by asking questions about the subjects and statistically analyzing to offer meaningful conclusions. The survey method includes a number of close and open-ended questions which make the research method useful. Relying on both open-ended and close-ended is essential since it allows the respondent to offer more information, thus better understanding of the subject or topic. Surveys have several attractive features that make it a popular method of research. They are efficient, versatile, generalizable and inexpensive. Survey research allows one to collect answers regarding specific questions. Relatively, it allows one to ask these questions in multiple formats depending on the target audience as well as the intention of the survey (Queirós, Faria & Almeida, 2017). However, the inconsistency of data collected leads to problems of reliability and validity of results. Survey methods are also limited to problems of measurement, sampling and overall survey design.
Participant observation is a research method where the researcher actively gets involved in activities of the research rather than only observing the research participants (Bachmann & Schutt, 2020). Complete participation takes place when the researcher joins the research participants and begins to manipulate the direction of the participants’ activities. Therefore, the observations made are based on the activities of the people, the roles, relationships, as well as explanations of what they do. Participant observation offers a depth of knowledge of the subject generated from the everyday lives of individuals experiencing them (Queirós, Faria & Almeida, 2017). Additionally, it offers the researcher a better understanding as well as an individual’s interpretation of observations. Participant observation also allows the collection of both qualitative and quantitative data through interviews and surveys. However, this method can affect the behaviour of the participants, thus influencing the validity of the research. Researchers using this method become members of the group and in the process, forget their role as an objective researcher affecting the reliability of the data.
Interviewing entails a conversation between the researcher and the participants to gather information. The researcher coordinates the procedure of asking questions to the respondent who answers the questions. Unlike survey and participant observation which demands a systematic observation of the research participants with their natural setting, interviewing entails conversations to explore the subject and better understand the experiences (Dantzker, Hunter & Quinn, 2016). Interviewing allows the participants to elaborate on their answers properly as compared to other methods. The respondents are offered the ability to honestly and accurately recall details about their circumstances, behaviours or anything they are being asked about. However, interviewing can lead to biases. The respondent’s answers can be influenced by their reaction to the researcher’s race or physical appearance (Queirós, Faria & Almeida, 2017). The presence of the researcher may result in overstimulation of the respondent, which to some extent leads to offering imaginary information and things that they are not sure of only to make the interview interesting.
In conclusion, interviewing, participant observation and survey research methods are effective methods of gathering information in criminal justice research. Each research method comes with its own set of limitations and strengths. Therefore, while conducting research, it is essential to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses to choose a research method that will suit the subject.
Bachmann, R., & Schutt, R. K. (2020). The practice of research in criminology and criminal justice. SAGE..
Dantzker, M. L., Hunter, R. D., & Quinn, S. T. (2016). Research methods for criminology and criminal justice. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Queirós, A., Faria, D., & Almeida, F. (2017). Strengths and limitations of qualitative and quantitative research methods. European Journal of Education Studies.
Quality Research Papers
If you’re looking for an Essay writing service to help turn all of your hard work into a product that readers can appreciate, then look no further than our essay writing website. With a team of writers who go the extra mile, and customer support representative’s around-the-clock eager to assist you, we are ready to ace any exam or provide any posterity with what they need.
Top Assignment Writers
Our essay writers are experienced professionals who have the knowledge to write an essay about any subject matter in an interesting way while maintaining academic integrity. Our professional essay writers work day and night to ensure that you receive quality essays on time without any delay or interruption. Looking to "pay someone to do my assignment"? With many years of experience behind us, our essay writing website is now led by professionals with extensive knowledge in various fields of study.
For any write my essay for me request, you will never need to worry about plagiarism or getting caught up in the stress of completing assignments when you use our professional services! Get started today by ordering your first paper from us and we'll give you 10% off!
24/7 Customer Support
We are available 24/7, 365 days a year to help you out with your academic needs! if you have any "do my paper" questions or technical concerns, simply chat with one of our essay writing customer service representatives via the Chat Window on the bottom right corner of this screen
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money Back Guarantee
These academic experts are distinct from most other essay writing websites because they have doctoral degrees and decades of professional experience in academia. And because they know how overwhelming college life can be, we waive all minimum deadlines so you can focus on studying without worrying about your assignment always hanging over your head.
Our Academic writers are confident and highly capable to take on any challenge ranging from a simple high school essay, question and answer assignment help, PowerPoint Presentation, research paper, dissertation, among others . However, we do not allow customers who abuse the free revisions privilege.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your "pay for essay" order
Fill in the homework order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits your "do my homework" request
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
When the world rushes and deadlines increase, it's hard to put your best foot forward. The Homework help website is here to help you with top quality essays on all topics, from history papers and engineering design descriptions to sociology case studies. For any write my essay for me request, you can count on a professional team of essay writers who are well experienced and researched in their field as they develop an original paper for you with 24/7 customer support.
The assignment help website is an excellent solution for all your problems regarding writing an outstanding admission essay. You don't need to worry about anything anymore because we will provide you with high-quality papers written by expert writers who know how to write professionally!
Paper Formats and Types
From time management skills to APA format citations; from MLA formatting rules for research papers; from college application essays where the stakes are high--all these aspects of academic life become clearer as we write it all down on paper! Essay-Writing.com is a professional essay writing service that provides students with well-researched, high quality essays on any topic and at any level of study.
Editing & Proofreading
Some of our clients prefer to write their essays themselves and have a third-party like Essay-writing.com proofread it for errors after they are done writing. We have a skilled team of editors and assignment helpers assignment helpers who examine your paper closely, looking out for any mistakes that may lessen the appeal or effectiveness of the essay as well as make amends in order to better improve its overall quality before you submit it anywhere else! For all your editing needs, turn to Essay-writing.com
You work hard at your academics, and you should be rewarded, with a revision or modification for free on any order from a discursive essay , assignment to dissertation papers.