Psychology disorders affect an individual’s ability to think, the general feeling, and their behavior when interacting with other people in their immediate environment. Even though mental illnesses might be occasional or long-term, their impact on a person’s health is immense and hinders their workplace productivity and beyond. Some of the psychological disorders include anxiety disorders, depression, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). From this realization, mental illnesses influence the thought process of individuals and expose them to various scenarios that hinder them from making informed decisions. However, mental illnesses are not triggered by character flaws such as being lazy or weak, a common misconception that is used to define psychology disorders in the world today. Therefore, learning institutions, workplaces, and households should create an enabling environment that supports individuals undergoing bouts of psychotic disorders.
Types of Psychotic Disorders
Anxiety is associated with the feeling of fear and uneasiness that affects the relationship of individuals with other people. In extreme cases, one may experience high restlessness, sweating, and tension accompanied by a rapid heart rate. Usually, when people are exposed to stressful events, they respond differently to the outcomes that hinder them from discovering their potential (Leichsenring & Leweke, 2017). While some of the moments of anxiety are temporary, others may stay for long. Significantly, anxiety disorders affect an individual’s performance in the workplace because of their ability to distract them from the assigned tasks and responsibilities. While it is normal for people to experience anxiety when making an important decision, individuals suffering from anxiety disorder are overwhelmed by the fear of the unknown that hinders them from approaching different life situations.
There are three types of anxiety disorders that include generalized anxiety disorders, panic disorder, and phobias, which pose a problem that hinders individuals from accomplishing their desired goals and objectives. Even though the cause for anxiety disorder is unknown, aspects such as genetics, brain biology, and stress influence individuals’ thought process and expose them to an environment where they cannot make informed decisions. Notably, generalized anxiety disorder and phobias are prevalent among the female population because of the personality traits that expose them to various risks, which affect their interaction in public spaces (Asher, Asnaani, & Aderka, 2017). However, social anxiety affects both men and women because of the defining moments that introduce individuals to specific events that contribute towards the challenges. People exposed to traumatic experiences during their childhood are likely to develop an anxiety disorder during their adult phase because of their impact on their perspectives towards life.
When a person is diagnosed with depression, they are supposed to undergo a rigorous treatment regime that counters the effects of their perspectives on life. The general feeling of sadness associated with depression does not go away like in other mental illnesses but persists and influences individuals’ ability to accomplish their desired goals and objectives. Depressed individuals lose interest in social activities and prefer confining themselves alone, which exposes them further to additional health risks. During this period of sickness, one may overeat or not eat at all because of the mental condition’s impact on a person’s way of life (). In the same vein, a depressed person may spend a lot of time sleeping or experience long hours of insomnia when they may share suicidal thoughts. Depression discourages individuals and hinders them from discovering their desired goals because of the hopelessness encountered by the affected people.
Depression has been characterized as a brain disorder that affects individuals’ thought process and their ability to interact with other people. Notably, the mental health condition is triggered by genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors that influence individuals’ perspectives towards life. However, depression affects women more than men because of the problematic conditions during the specific phases of their life, such as childbirth (Stewart & Vigod, 2016). For instance, many women experience postpartum depression after delivering their children because of a wide range of issues that influence their focus on a special occasion. Unlike men who do not have endure any challenges during pregnancy, women experience mixed feelings caused by the pregnancy developments of the unborn child. Surprisingly, climatic conditions such as winter affect individuals because of the weather changes that expose them to restricted movements in their immediate environment.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
When individuals are exposed to traumatic incidents, they experience challenges fitting in their immediate environment because of the different issues that affect their approach towards maintaining relationships with other people. Some of the traumatic incidents may include car accidents, combat, or even natural disasters (Shalev, Gevonden, Ratanatharathorn, Laska, Van Der Mei, Qi, & Matsuoka, 2019). In this regard, the affected individuals recall the last moments before the incidents happened and concentrate on building assertions influenced by guilt. For instance, a soldier may regret his or her decision to join the military because of the effect of war on their mindset. Likewise, a person involved in a car accident may regret their inability to use other transport options to avoid the outcome, a move that often results in PTSD.
Scholars are yet to ascertain the actual causes of PTSD but have narrowed down on risk factors as the main contributors to the mental health condition. In the world today, women are more likely to suffer from PTSD than men because of their exposure to a wide range of risk factors that affect their mental health (Kessler, Aguilar-Gaxiola, Alonso, Benjet, Bromet, Cardoso, & Florescu, 2017). Besides, traumatic childhood experiences are among the causes of PTSD because of their impact on individuals’ thought processes in their adult stage. From this realization, measures such as talk therapy and medical treatment should contain the symptoms of PTSD to aid individuals in leading an everyday life.
Learning institutions, workplaces, and households should create an enabling environment that supports individuals undergoing bouts of psychotic disorders. Many studies have identified the causes of psychological disorders and have majored in traumatic childhood experiences, a mother’s exposure to violence during pregnancy, or life experiences, among other issues. In the modern world, public awareness regarding the causes of different mental health illnesses has enabled individuals to detect symptoms early and seek medical intervention, which has increased the probability of recovery over the years. Conditions such as PTSD and depression affect women more than men because of their exposure to various risk factors that interfere with their mental health. However, anxiety disorders affect both men and women because of their impact on the thought process of individuals and their ability to overcome situations taking place in their surroundings.
Asher, M., Asnaani, A., & Aderka, I. M. (2017). Gender differences in social anxiety disorder: A review. Clinical psychology review, 56, 1-12.
Cohen, Z. D., & DeRubeis, R. J. (2018). Treatment selection in depression. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 14.
Kessler, R. C., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alonso, J., Benjet, C., Bromet, E. J., Cardoso, G., … & Florescu, S. (2017). Trauma and PTSD in the WHO world mental health surveys. European journal of psychotraumatology, 8(sup5), 1353383.
Leichsenring, F., & Leweke, F. (2017). Social anxiety disorder. New England Journal of Medicine, 376(23), 2255-2264.
Shalev, A. Y., Gevonden, M., Ratanatharathorn, A., Laska, E., Van Der Mei, W. F., Qi, W., … & Matsuoka, Y. J. (2019). Estimating the risk of PTSD in recent trauma survivors: results of the International Consortium to Predict PTSD (ICPP). World Psychiatry, 18(1), 77-87.
Stewart, D. E., & Vigod, S. (2016). Postpartum depression. New England Journal of Medicine, 375(22), 2177-2186.