Policy Brief on Health Issues

Description of Policy Health Issue

The Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 gives the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) authority to record-keep, testing, restricting, and reporting chemical-related substances (Vogel & Roberts, 2011). It became law in 1976 and effective in 1977. However, to date, more than eighty-three thousand such chemicals are produced in the country that affects public health and environmental health. The EPA has failed to regulate some of the toxic substances since the policy’s implementation is lead products produced industries in the country. According to the American Public Health Association, APHA (2020), the population at risk for the toxic lead is the children, pregnant women, and adults. Exposure of children to lead is harmful as their bodies are still growing. Some of them that have the behavior of putting objects and hands in the mouth are at great risk of lead exposure. For pregnant women, lead can be passed through breastmilk and can cross the placenta. Adults are exposed through work activities, hobbies, and consuming contaminated food or water. Some of the health risks from toxic exposure include slowed growth, learning difficulties, lower IQ, anemia, reproductive problems, reduced kidney function, and cardiovascular effects (APHA, 2020).

Problem Statement

Due to increased chemical substance in the country that has paused danger to the public health and environment health, Toxic Substance Control Act policy is considered to be outdated and weak. Thus, there is a need to reform the policy to position EPA better in managing chemical perils and protect public health.

Suggestions for Addressing the Health Issues

For effective solutions to the health issues caused by the Toxic Substance Control Act’s failure, the EPA is required to be vigilant and enforce strict measures to ensure the policy is adhered to by these industries that produce chemicals. EPA should review these chemicals and come up with possible regulatory outcomes such as banning or restricting chemical use, demanding additional testing on the substances, and requiring labeling of the chemicals (New York University School of Law, 2020). EPA should consider collaborating with other institutions such as the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Human Genome Research Institute, and the National Toxicology Program to develop faster test and cheaper in identifying high and low hazard chemicals (Vogel & Roberts, 2011).  Further, the public should be informed concerning these chemicals and educated on how to avoid those chemicals that are already exposed to them.

Steps Required to Initiate Policy Change

Problem identification: This is the first step to initiate policy change. In this stage, an issue that needs attention is identified through the collection, summarizing, and interpreting relevant information on the problem regarding the effects on public health (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, 2015). In this case, the Toxic Substances Control Act policy is considered weak and outdated.

Policy analysis: After identifying the problem, developing viable options that can address the problem is done using qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate options to determine the most efficient in solving the problem.

Policy legitimation: For the legitimation of policy in the United States, it has to be moved in the legislative process and finally signed by the president for acceptance as a legitimate policy. Before it is signed, different stakeholders are engaged, such as partners, the general public, and those affected by the policy.

Policy implementation: Enacted policy is put to action by institutions mandated to accomplish it, from the policymakers to policy implementers. For instance, the institution mandated to enforce changes in the Toxic Substances Control Act policy is the Environmental Protection Agency.

Policy Evaluation: In this stage, policymakers perform an evaluation of the policy change to determine the effectiveness of policy accomplishing intended goals. The evaluation process can be done either during or after the implementation process (Point Park University Online, 2017).

Impact on the Health Care Delivery System

The United States health care sector is vastly interconnected with industrial companies that produce a chemical substance that is harmful to public health. These chemicals are used in the health care sector in various activities emitting pollutants to air, water, and soils pausing great threats to public and environmental health (Eckelman and Sherman, 2016). The failure to properly enforce the Toxic Substances Control Act policy has allowed the health care delivery system to risks public health either directly or indirectly. The health care sector is known to hugely use chemicals when carrying out several processes as they deliver health services.

According to the World Health Organization (2018), the total amount of waste generated by health care is non-hazardous and eighty-five percent, while the hazardous originating from a chemical used is fifteen percent. Due to the high effects of chemicals used in the health care sector, it is essential to apply policy on toxic substances widely not just on industries that manufacture them but extend to other partners like health institutions. Also, the continued use of hazardous chemicals in the health sector is an indication of irresponsible health institutions that are supposed to be at the forefront to observe health policies and promote them. Thus, the ineffectiveness of implemented toxic substance policies has negatively affected the health of the public and environment as several institutions, organizations, and companies defy the policy and continue with the manufacture and use of these substances.


American Public Health Association. (2020). Lead Contamination. Retrieved 16 October 2020, from https://www.apha.org/topics-and-issues/environmental-health/lead.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). CDC Policy Process | AD for Policy and Strategy | CDC. Retrieved 16 October 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/policy/analysis/process/index.html.

Eckelman, M. J., & Sherman, J. (2016). Environmental Impacts of the U.S. Health Care System and Effects on Public Health. PloS one. Retrieved 16 October 2020, from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157014

New York University School of Law. (2020). Toxic Substances Control Act | State Impact Center. Retrieved 16 October 2020, from https://www.law.nyu.edu/centers/state-impact/issues/toxics/toxic-substances-control-act.

Point Park University Online. (2017). An Introduction to the Public Policy-Making Process. Retrieved 16 October 2020, from https://online.pointpark.edu/public-administration/policy-making-cycle/.

Vogel, S., & Roberts, J. (2011). Why The Toxic Substances Control Act Needs An Overhaul, And How To Strengthen Oversight Of Chemicals In The Interim | Health Affairs. HealthAffairs. Retrieved 16 October 2020, from https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2011.0211.

World Health Organization. (2018). Health-care waste. Retrieved 16 October 2020, from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/health-care-waste.

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Essay-writing.com

Quality Research Papers

If you’re looking for an Essay writing service to help turn all of your hard work into a product that readers can appreciate, then look no further than our essay writing website. With a team of writers who go the extra mile, and customer support representative’s around-the-clock eager to assist you, we are ready to ace any exam or provide any posterity with what they need.

Top Assignment Writers

Our essay writers are experienced professionals who have the knowledge to write an essay about any subject matter in an interesting way while maintaining academic integrity. Our professional essay writers work day and night to ensure that you receive quality essays on time without any delay or interruption. With many years of experience behind us, our essay writing website is now led by professionals with extensive knowledge in various fields of study.

Zero Plagiarism

For any write my essay for me request, you will never need to worry about plagiarism or getting caught up in the stress of completing assignments when you use our professional services! Get started today by ordering your first paper from us and we'll give you 10% off!

24/7 Customer Support

We are available 24/7, 365 days a year to help you out with your academic needs! if you have any "do my paper" questions or technical concerns, simply chat with one of our essay writing customer service representatives via the Chat Window on the bottom right corner of this screen

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money Back Guarantee

These academic experts are distinct from most other essay writing websites because they have doctoral degrees and decades of professional experience in academia. And because they know how overwhelming college life can be, we waive all minimum deadlines so you can focus on studying without worrying about your assignment always hanging over your head.

Free Revisions

Our Academic writers are confident and highly capable to take on any challenge ranging from a simple high school essay, question and answer assignment help, PowerPoint Presentation, research paper, dissertation, among others . However, we do not allow customers who abuse the free revisions privilege.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

When the world rushes and deadlines increase, it's hard to put your best foot forward. Essay-writing.com is here to help you with top quality essays on all topics, from history papers and engineering design descriptions to sociology case studies. For any write my essay for me request, you can count on a professional team of essay writers who are well experienced and researched in their field as they develop an original paper for you with 24/7 customer support.


Homework Help Service

Essay-writing.com is an excellent solution for all your problems regarding writing an outstanding admission essay. You don't need to worry about anything anymore because we will provide you with high-quality papers written by expert writers who know how to write professionally!


Paper Formats and Types

From time management skills to APA format citations; from MLA formatting rules for research papers; from college application essays where the stakes are high--all these aspects of academic life become clearer as we write it all down on paper! Essay-Writing.com is a professional essay writing service that provides students with well-researched, high quality essays on any topic and at any level of study.


Editing & Proofreading

Some of our clients prefer to write their essays themselves and have a third-party like Essay-writing.com proofread it for errors after they are done writing. We have a skilled team of editors who examine your paper closely, looking out for any mistakes that may lessen the appeal or effectiveness of the essay as well as make amends in order to better improve its overall quality before you submit it anywhere else! For all your editing needs, turn to Essay-writing.com


Revision Support

You work hard at your academics, and you should be rewarded, with a revision or modification for free on any order from a discursive essay , assignment to dissertation papers.