The creation of the patriotic act was meant to protect the United States and its citizens from possible terrorist attacks. After creating the patriotic act, it has functioned to make it easier for the government to spy on the American citizens through the expansion of the authority to monitor individual communications through phones and emails and facilitate the ability to spy on the citizens through the internet. It also facilitates the collection of other personal and private documents, including banks and credit reports. Following its functioning, there is the assertion by some civil rights advocates that rather than protecting the ordinary Americans from the possibility of terrorist attacks, it has turned every American into a suspected terrorist.
The objections held by civil rights advocates against the patriotic act include the increased ease that the act creates for the authorities to access the personal records of the citizens held by third parties. Section 215 of the patriotic act permits the FBI to force anyone, including internet service providers, doctors, and librarians, to turn over highly confidential and personal records of their clients. The created powers result in unchecked power that permits the government to access personal information, including medical histories, financial records, and internet usage (Richardson, 2020). The authorities no longer have to confirm the relationship of the individual being investigated with a foreign power or relate them to a potential national insecurity source.
The patriotic act also creates increase ease for more secret searches. Before creating the act, the law required that before the government engaged in a search in the personal property of individuals, the owners had to be given prior notices. With the patriotic act, the federal rules of criminal procedures are amended to facilitate government searches into personal properties without first notifying the owners of the properties (Richardson, 2020). The amendment gives the government the power to get into private property, search, take photographs, and seize property in the absence of the owners. While the search warrants limited the areas that could be searched, the officers possessed total and unsupervised power and freedom over the property they search without the warrant. The searches without the search warrant, according to the act, could be subjected to any form of investigations, and not only to criminal investigations.
The act also expands the intelligence exception on wiretap law of the United States. The created privilege allows the FBI to secretly engage in a physical search or wiretap on all persons in the United States, including American citizens as a way of generating evidence of a crime without the proof of probable cause as originally required in the fourth amendment (Oliver, Marion, & Hill, 2015). The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) created an exception to the fourth amendment requirement, which required a probable cause if wiretap was used as a means of gathering information for foreign intelligence. It argues that since the searches were not done to collect evidence for trials, then the employed standards would be loosened. The exception previously only allowed searches in the case that the collected information was meant for national intelligence. The patriotic act expanded the exception to include wiretaps and searches conducted to facilitated the collect evidence, not only for suspected terrorist cases, but also for regular and domestic criminal proceedings for cases involving normal American Citizens and residents.
Oliver, W. M., Marion, N. E., & Hill, J. B. (2015). Introduction to Homeland Security: Policy, Organization, and Administration. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Richardson, B. M. (2020). Big Brother is Watching You: Establishing the Constitutionality of the Post-9/11 USA Patriot Act.
Quality Research Papers
If you’re looking for an Essay writing service to help turn all of your hard work into a product that readers can appreciate, then look no further than our essay writing website. With a team of writers who go the extra mile, and customer support representative’s around-the-clock eager to assist you, we are ready to ace any exam or provide any posterity with what they need.
Top Assignment Writers
Our essay writers are experienced professionals who have the knowledge to write an essay about any subject matter in an interesting way while maintaining academic integrity. Our professional essay writers work day and night to ensure that you receive quality essays on time without any delay or interruption. With many years of experience behind us, our essay writing website is now led by professionals with extensive knowledge in various fields of study.
For any write my essay for me request, you will never need to worry about plagiarism or getting caught up in the stress of completing assignments when you use our professional services! Get started today by ordering your first paper from us and we'll give you 10% off!
24/7 Customer Support
We are available 24/7, 365 days a year to help you out with your academic needs! if you have any "do my paper" questions or technical concerns, simply chat with one of our essay writing customer service representatives via the Chat Window on the bottom right corner of this screen
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money Back Guarantee
These academic experts are distinct from most other essay writing websites because they have doctoral degrees and decades of professional experience in academia. And because they know how overwhelming college life can be, we waive all minimum deadlines so you can focus on studying without worrying about your assignment always hanging over your head.
Our Academic writers are confident and highly capable to take on any challenge ranging from a simple high school essay, question and answer assignment help, PowerPoint Presentation, research paper, dissertation, among others . However, we do not allow customers who abuse the free revisions privilege.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
When the world rushes and deadlines increase, it's hard to put your best foot forward. Essay-writing.com is here to help you with top quality essays on all topics, from history papers and engineering design descriptions to sociology case studies. For any write my essay for me request, you can count on a professional team of essay writers who are well experienced and researched in their field as they develop an original paper for you with 24/7 customer support.
Essay-writing.com is an excellent solution for all your problems regarding writing an outstanding admission essay. You don't need to worry about anything anymore because we will provide you with high-quality papers written by expert writers who know how to write professionally!
Paper Formats and Types
From time management skills to APA format citations; from MLA formatting rules for research papers; from college application essays where the stakes are high--all these aspects of academic life become clearer as we write it all down on paper! Essay-Writing.com is a professional essay writing service that provides students with well-researched, high quality essays on any topic and at any level of study.
Editing & Proofreading
Some of our clients prefer to write their essays themselves and have a third-party like Essay-writing.com proofread it for errors after they are done writing. We have a skilled team of editors who examine your paper closely, looking out for any mistakes that may lessen the appeal or effectiveness of the essay as well as make amends in order to better improve its overall quality before you submit it anywhere else! For all your editing needs, turn to Essay-writing.com
You work hard at your academics, and you should be rewarded, with a revision or modification for free on any order from a discursive essay , assignment to dissertation papers.