Literature Review: Fall Prevention |

The research proposal examines the prevalence of falls and the potential approaches that can be utilized to prevent fallings problems in the contemporary society. Primarily, the research delves into the falling problem among the mid-aged population above 35 years of age. The prevalence of falling has been attributed to balance difficulties and general muscle weaknesses. As well, falling problems as a long term problem is attributed to the prevalence of diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension that has become so common. The focus on the mid-aged population is informed by the increase of the falling problems in the contemporary society and lack of extensive research for the target population. With over 20 percent of the falls leading to injuries, health institutions are prompted to delve deeper into the matter ascertain improvement of the safety precautions and prevention of the prevalence of the problem in the society.

Comparison of Research Questions

The PICOT question is designed to guide the research extensively into creating profound understanding of the problem and how it can be mitigated. The PICOT question begins with the identification of the target population (P) that comprise of the mid-aged population (above 35 years) with average risk of experiencing falls as opposed to the elderly with imminent risk. The intervention (I) measures proposed suggest the utilization of training and exercise programs to strengthen the muscles, conduct fall risk assessment, and medical reviews to identify underlying conditions. The control (C) measures that have been outlined by the research comprise of the insertion of pacemaker, increase in vitamin D supply, vision treatment, removing of home hazards, and use of assistive devices t facilitate easier and safe movement. The intended objectives and outcomes (O) focus on attaining reduced fall tendencies among the target population. This is bound to culminate in the increase in the quality of life. The reduction of falls leads to subsequent reduction in the reduction of injuries that are associated with putting the lives of individuals at risk. The time frame (T) proposed in the PICOT question consist of four weeks of therapy that lead to increased awareness and improvement of physical mobility. Consequently, the PICOT questions covers extensively every aspect of the proposed problem leading to critical diagnosis and prevention of the problem.

Comparison of Sample Population

The sample population comprise of the mid-aged populated of 35 years and above as opposed to the elderly persons above 65 years. The 65 years are often focused on especially with health problems such as falling due to their physical inability to maneuver different places with ease (Cheng et al., 2018). The 65 years’ have numerous health problems that can be attributed to the reduction of physical capacity leading to falls. The 35 year olds are often thought to be physically fit and capable of diverse mobility capacity and strength. This prompts the lack of study or research into the falling problem being prevalent among the target population. Hence, as people’s health in the society becomes weaker due to a myriad of health problems, there is need to extensively conduct research on the falling problem among the target population (Vlaeyen et al., 2017).

Limitations of the Study

Cheng et al. (2018), extensively focuses their study on the comparative effectiveness of published interventions for the elderly fall prevention. Primarily, the research focuses its study on the elderly. As well, Vlaeyen et al. (2017) study’s study on the fall prevention in the residential care facilities is mostly focused on the elderly population as opposed to the mid-aged. The most profound limitation of the study entails existence of negligible or mainly lacking study on the fall problem among the mid-aged population. The mid-aged population are mainly found to be physically fit with limited problems associated with falling. Subsequently, the minimal study to the problem. The research on the target population is highly lacking informing the need for the study.

Conclusion

In conclusion, more literature review is essential to assess the prevalence of the falling problem among the target population. This requires extensive study to the problem to ascertain that related materials to the cause of the health risk is critically analyzed. The application of extensive physical and exercising programs is fundamental to strengthen the muscles. Also, complementing the body stability with nutritional foods such as calcium, vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, among others is essential to improve the body physical capacity. The conduct of the research on the mid-aged population is fundamental as the target population has been profoundly neglected. Hence, the research is well-timed and essential to improve the individual’s and society’s health.

References

Cheng, P., Tan, L., Ning, P., Li, L., Gao, Y., Wu, Y., … & Hu, G. (2018). Comparative effectiveness of published interventions for elderly fall prevention: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. International journal of environmental research and public health15(3), 498.

Vlaeyen, E., Stas, J., Leysens, G., Van der Elst, E., Janssens, E., Dejaeger, E., … & Milisen, K. (2017). Implementation of fall prevention in residential care facilities: A systematic review of barriers and facilitators. International journal of nursing studies70, 110-121.

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