Jung perceived religious experiences as the most fundamental human factors. He acknowledges a correlation between religious experiences and psychological and ontological values. Jung’s reflective psychological conceptions introduce novel perceptions regarding religion. According to Jung, the human psyche is oriented toward self-actualization. It is with this self-actualization process that the confrontation with various archetypes of religious nature is supposed. Precisely, the Jungian typology constitutes two approaches that include extroversion and introversion. It also consists of four functions of consciousness: thinking and feeling, intuition, and perception. Psychological profiles proposed by Jung are suitable for certain groups of people practicing religion and spirituality. His model of psychological types is utilized in the development of theories of individual variation in religious practices. His clients manifested an interest in the power of unconsciousness and Western religious symbols and rituals, which they presumed equated significance and power. He affirms that the symbols released from the unconscious mind are certainly the entities capable of convincing the critical mind. Similarly, several of Jung’s speculations provide psychological construes to Eliade’s theory of religion.
Jung defines religion as a peculiar attitude of an individual’s mind that incorporates certain dynamic factors, referred to as “powers” and ideals. He mentions that he does not equate religion with creed. However, each declaration is formerly founded upon the experience of the numinosum, and it is with the confidence and trust toward an experienced numinous effect that the successive alteration of consciousness results. For example, the conversion of Saul shows that religion designates the peculiar attitude of consciousness that is altered by the experience of the numinosum. Creeds, on the other hand, are regarded as modes of original religious experiences. Jung asserts that consciousness and personal unconsciousness coexist with a profoundly unconscious psychic sphere, collectively termed unconscious. These contents are then projected to the external environments recognized as mythological themes existent at the center of each major religion.
Similarly, Eliade’s theory of religion is founded in his assertion on the existence of essential, widespread, coherent, symbolic systems that offer the framework for religious interpretations. Several basic suppositions and principles define his scholarly and literary approaches to religion. Eliade regarded human beings as religious beings (homo religious) and symbolic beings (homo symbolicus) and affirmed that they utilize language and verbal and non-verbal cues to express themselves. With such a capacity to express themselves through figurative language, they can comprehend in-depth and unify experiences coherently. Signs are required to stop any tension and anxiety caused by disorientation. According to him, the religious rely on such signs to identify sacred places (Eliade, 27). These signs are connected to religious meaning and introduce an absolute element that stops confusion. For instance, a wild animal may be hunted, and a sanctuary established where it is killed, or an altar may be built where a particular domestic animal- that was once lost is found. For Eliade, signs are relevant in religious functions as they aid in identifying that which is sacred. He affirms that the work of the gods reproduces the ritual through which humans construct a sacred space.
Jung’s theory explains Eliade’s view of religion because he confirms that all individuals are primitive in some kind of way. This primitive on the conscious is what causes individuals to realize tact, shame, and greed. Primitives value complex forms of courtesy, demonstrate a “religious” observation of potential psychical perils. They frequently experience psychical threats and are continually attempting multiple procedures to minimize the risks. They create taboos that act as external evidence, and these numerous taboos delimit psychical areas and are strictly observed. According to him, religion requires various creeds and ceremonies performed to defend against unanticipated, precarious tendencies of the unconscious. For instance, he mentions that Protestantism was once guided by the rituals and doctrines of the church, and it later liberalized itself from the church and started to experience the disintegrating and schismatic outcome of individual revelation. It lost its authority, and its followers were confronted with an inner experience without the guidance of rituals, which unparalleled the embodiment of Christian and pagan religious experiences. Eliade also attempts to define what religion is by asserting that certain symbols and signs guide it. According to Eliade, modern consciousness such as physiological acts like eating and sex, constitute only a phenomenon, however much they may be considered taboos. For instance, by imposing specific regulations for proper eating or forbidden sexual behaviors, the religious man receives guidance and direction on what he can and cannot do. For the primitive, such actions are not physiological acts; and can become sacred. Eliade further acknowledges that the religious man considers space as homogeneous, with interruptions and with several portions that are qualitatively different from each other. Contrastingly, profane experiences, spaces are homogeneous and neutral, without interruptions differentiating the considerable quantities of its mass. This concept of homogeneous space and the neutral is limited to profane, and it cannot be quantitatively determined. The man, who is against the scared, accepts the profane existence, a divestment from all religious premises.
The contents of the creed that are codified practices of religious experiences become sanctified to form a firm structure. These continuous practices of the original experiences become rituals and unchangeable institutions (Jung, 6). Therefore according to Jung, the aspect of sacred is evident in rituals and ceremonies. Sacred is necessary to ascertain the formulation of rituals and traditions that are firm and can be passed from one generation to another. While the Catholic church is associated with a particular rigidity, it nevertheless acknowledges that such dogma has ensured consistent change and development. Eliade also attempts to expound more on religion by focusing on the concepts of sacred and profane. Nevertheless, he integrates this approach at an individual level whereby he ascertains that religious man is scared while the non-religious is profane. Eliade focuses on the sanctity and profanity of religion (Rennie, 664). He claims that these principles continually manifest themselves as a reality of a wholly and different order from actualities. He asserts that sanctity and profanity are two forms of existence in the world. The forms are not restricted to sociology or the history of religions but possible dimensions of human existence. The philosopher presents specific dimensions of religious experiences to demonstrate the disparities between religion itself and profane experiences of the world. Sacred signifies endurance and efficacy. Economic, social and cultural differences cause differences in religious backgrounds. He defined the designation of the act of manifestations that are sacred as a hierophany and concluded that there lacks continuity from the elementary hierophany to the supreme hierophany. Humans become aware of the sacred because it manifests itself wholly and different from the profane.
Eliade, Mircea. The sacred and the profane: The nature of religion. Vol. 144. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1959.
Jung, Carl. Psychology And Religion. 1966.
Rennie, Bryan S. “The sacred and sacrality: from Eliade to evolutionary ethology.” Religion 47.4 (2017): 663-687.
Quality Research Papers
If you’re looking for an Essay writing service to help turn all of your hard work into a product that readers can appreciate, then look no further than our essay writing website. With a team of writers who go the extra mile, and customer support representative’s around-the-clock eager to assist you, we are ready to ace any exam or provide any posterity with what they need.
Top Assignment Writers
Our essay writers are experienced professionals who have the knowledge to write an essay about any subject matter in an interesting way while maintaining academic integrity. Our professional essay writers work day and night to ensure that you receive quality essays on time without any delay or interruption. Looking to "pay someone to do my assignment"? With many years of experience behind us, our essay writing website is now led by professionals with extensive knowledge in various fields of study.
For any write my essay for me request, you will never need to worry about plagiarism or getting caught up in the stress of completing assignments when you use our professional services! Get started today by ordering your first paper from us and we'll give you 10% off!
24/7 Customer Support
We are available 24/7, 365 days a year to help you out with your academic needs! if you have any "do my paper" questions or technical concerns, simply chat with one of our essay writing customer service representatives via the Chat Window on the bottom right corner of this screen
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money Back Guarantee
These academic experts are distinct from most other essay writing websites because they have doctoral degrees and decades of professional experience in academia. And because they know how overwhelming college life can be, we waive all minimum deadlines so you can focus on studying without worrying about your assignment always hanging over your head.
Our Academic writers are confident and highly capable to take on any challenge ranging from a simple high school essay, question and answer assignment help, PowerPoint Presentation, research paper, dissertation, among others . However, we do not allow customers who abuse the free revisions privilege.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your "pay for essay" order
Fill in the homework order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits your "do my homework" request
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
When the world rushes and deadlines increase, it's hard to put your best foot forward. The Homework help website is here to help you with top quality essays on all topics, from history papers and engineering design descriptions to sociology case studies. For any write my essay for me request, you can count on a professional team of essay writers who are well experienced and researched in their field as they develop an original paper for you with 24/7 customer support.
The assignment help website is an excellent solution for all your problems regarding writing an outstanding admission essay. You don't need to worry about anything anymore because we will provide you with high-quality papers written by expert writers who know how to write professionally!
Paper Formats and Types
From time management skills to APA format citations; from MLA formatting rules for research papers; from college application essays where the stakes are high--all these aspects of academic life become clearer as we write it all down on paper! Essay-Writing.com is a professional essay writing service that provides students with well-researched, high quality essays on any topic and at any level of study.
Editing & Proofreading
Some of our clients prefer to write their essays themselves and have a third-party like Essay-writing.com proofread it for errors after they are done writing. We have a skilled team of editors and assignment helpers assignment helpers who examine your paper closely, looking out for any mistakes that may lessen the appeal or effectiveness of the essay as well as make amends in order to better improve its overall quality before you submit it anywhere else! For all your editing needs, turn to Essay-writing.com
You work hard at your academics, and you should be rewarded, with a revision or modification for free on any order from a discursive essay , assignment to dissertation papers.