Hyperthyroidism is a disorder that is characterized by the secretion of excessive amounts of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland. As a result, it leads to the excretion of inadequate amounts of thyroid-stimulating hormones by the anterior pituitary glands, which is attributed to a negative response. The hormones formed by your thyroid gland include thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), and they play a significant part in how the body functions. Hyperthyroidism may hasten the body’s metabolic rate, resulting in an inadvertent loss in weight and a quick or unbalanced heartbeat.
Signs and Symptoms
Common Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism consist of insomnia. Because the nervous system’s overstimulation characterizes hyperthyroidism, it may be challenging to obtain quality sleep. Another symptom includes fatigue and muscle weakness. Due to nightly struggles in getting the sufficient sleep required by the body, an individual might end up being exhausted or weak during the day (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2021). Another sign entails fertility and menstrual concerns. Preadolescent girls with hyperthyroidism may experience prolonged menstrual flow, while menstruating females might encounter reduced flow. An individual is likely to experience weight fluctuations (Bhamare et al., 2020). Hyperthyroidism is infamously related to loss in weight, making it challenging to increase weight despite increased food intake.
Testing and Diagnosis
Diagnosis for hyperthyroidism comprises an ultrasound of an individual’s thyroid to establish the existence of nodules or determine if it is swollen or overactive. Second, blood examinations to assess levels of thyroid hormones that include the Thyroid hormone thyroxine, thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroid hormone triiodothyronine, and thyroid peroxidase antibody. The third diagnosis technique involves the examination of medical history and signs. Lastly, diagnosis involves a physical assessment of the patient.
There are several treatment mechanisms. Foremost, Doctors utilize anti-thyroid medicines, for instance, methimazole. Secondly, radioactive iodine reduces the creation of thyroid hormones. However, RAI therapy is linked to a small but substantial risk of demise from solid cancer (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2021). Another treatment mechanism includes surgery. In most cases, doctors utilize the surgical procedure to treat individuals with enormous goiters or expectant women that cannot ingest anti-thyroid medications (Kravets, 2016). Moreover, beta-blockers, for instance, propranolol, may aid in controlling an individual’s rapid beat, sweating, nervousness, and high blood pressure.
The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons (AAES). Because locating a high-volume, knowledgeable physician is critically vital when selecting a thyroidectomy to treat hyperthyroidism; this association makes it easy with the surgeon finder tool. Another advocate for hyperthyroidism is ThyroidChange. It is a community that pushes for personalized care for individuals with thyroid. It aids in finding a doctor founded on definite criteria and patient commendations.
Hyperthyroidism transpires when the thyroid gland generates excess hormone thyroxine. Hyperthyroidism may hasten the body’s metabolic rate, resulting in unplanned weight loss and a fast or lop-sided heartbeat. Physicians may use anti-thyroid drugs, radioactive iodine to reduce the generation of thyroid hormones, and surgery to remove all thyroid glands. Even though hyperthyroidism may be severe if ignored, most individuals react well upon early diagnosis and treatment.
Bhamare, S. B., Maru, A., More, M. Y., Pagar, S., Pawar, D., & Deore, P. (2020). AN OVERVIEW ON HYPERTHYROIDISM.
Kravets, I. (2016). Hyperthyroidism: diagnosis and treatment. American family physician, 93(5), 363-370.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/hyperthyroidism