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Human Trafficking Sample Essay Assignment | Homework Help Online

Despite increased global attention and significant, if fragmented, national responses, human trafficking remains a devastating reality today. Although most United Nations member states have approved the guidelines to restrict, repress, and penalize trafficking in human beings, particularly women and kids, and other global instruments, human trafficking remains a low-risk, profitable crime. Inadequate information of this crime is frequently the result of failing to identify persons as such. Grown women are the most consistently cited to be trafficked among those identified, followed by young kids. Human trafficking is a vibrant, adaptable, proactive criminal activity that, like many other forms of crime, takes full advantage of conflict, humanitarian catastrophes, and a person’s frailty in crises.

Different Ways Human Trafficking Is Measured At Various Levels

In the U.S., federal legislation exists to combat human trafficking nationally. President Clinton enacted the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, also identified as the Trafficking Victims Protection Act or “TVPA,” into the legal system in October 2000. The TVPA distinguishes between two types of human smuggling: labor and sex. For labor trafficking, the acts entail recruiting, detaining, transporting, providing, acquiring an individual by force, fraud, or coercion, for example, threats (Caoli Jr, 2019). Enlistment, hiding, transport, patronizing, or soliciting a person using force, fraud, or coercion are instances of sex trafficking acts. Persons who engage in sex with victims of trafficking are now classified as trafficking offenders at the national level and face harsher penalties.

There are also different legal definitions of human trafficking in 50 states, which may or may not be closely connected to the federal statute. For instance, in the state of Ohio, In Ohio, offenses are generally described as “trafficking in persons,” and manipulation is defined as involuntary servitude and sex trafficking (Caoli Jr, 2019). The actions include intentionally recruiting, luring, enticing, transporting, providing, obtaining, or maintaining an individual for forced servitude, commercial sex, or being a framework or facilitator in a sexual production. As a result, commercial sex is only one type of sexual activity categorized as trafficking in Ohio. Compelled sexual productions and performances may also be prosecuted under this crime.

Various mechanisms can be used to measure cross-national trafficking at the international level. Nevertheless, an extensively used approach was prepared and submitted in The United Nations Protocol to thwart, inhibit, and penalize trafficking of individuals persons, particularly in women and kids, complementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime identified as the Palermo Protocol. More than 80 nations, including the United States, signed the Protocol, demonstrating their assistance for a global response to the situation. The Protocol included a broad definition of trafficking for nations to use as a guideline when developing their intrinsic policies. The metrics that define the measurement scale are the crime rate per 100,000 people, the 3P-index of anti-trafficking guidelines, and the multitude of identified victims (Caoli Jr, 2019). For instance, the laws use police officers rather than identified victims to test the variability of the institutional framework used in the nations to classify HT victims.

Caveats That Apply To How Cases Involving Minors Are Handled

The treatment of juveniles is one area where federal and state legislation clashes the most. Since establishing the juvenile justice system in Cook County, Illinois, in 1899, kids have been synthesized in a different juvenile system. Minors are widely regarded as susceptible and incapable of making sound decisions. As a result, there is a longstanding tradition of holding them less accountable for most illegal behavior. Due to the aggravating factors of the victim’s age, the means (example, force, fraud, coercion) are not often viewed as critical to verify in trafficking incidents involving juveniles (Caoli Jr, 2019). Nevertheless, because legislation is not created equally, the treatment of minors varies by region. For instance, minors engaged in commercial sex may instantly be classified as sex trafficking persons in one state but detained as a prostitute in another. These disparities have created tension among police departments, scientists, and lawmakers. Law enforcement agencies do not need to prove that a child between the ages of 16 and 17 was forced to participate in sexual behavior if the trafficker was in a “position of authority” over the defendant.

Human Trafficking and Smuggling, and Importance of the Distinctions to Criminal Justice Policy and Practice.

Human trafficking and migrant smuggling are intricate problems that impact individuals in various ways. These distinct crimes are often interconnected. Human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, or sheltering of people for enslavement, such as sexual abuse, forced labor, slave labor, or organ removal. Victims could be young or old, men or women, and are trafficked using unethical means, including threats or force, deceitful schemes, dishonesty, or abuse of authority. It can occur within a country as well as across borderlines (Caoli Jr, 2019). Human trafficking is thus identified by an act (recruitment, mass transit, transfer, or harboring) and particular means for exploitation.

In contrast to human trafficking, both nationally and overseas, smuggling is a multinational criminal offense. It entails aiding immigrants illegitimately arriving or remaining in a nation for monetary and material gain. Smugglers benefit from migrant laborers’ need and desire to cross a border and their lack of authorized paperwork. Governments are required by international treaties to incarcerate migrant smuggling, but not anyone smuggled. Migrants are not considered victims in absolute terms because they agree to the smuggling endeavor, primarily due to a lack of regular means to travel (Caoli Jr, 2019). Smuggled migrants, on the other hand, are frequently placed in risky conditions by smugglers and may thus become targets of other offenses during the smuggling procedure, including human rights abuse.

Conclusion

Human trafficking is now a significant problem that necessitates a multifaceted response. Traditionally, persons were not treated as such or presented with services. Although human trafficking has existed for decades, the damages it causes have only recently been officially recognized. Practitioners, law enforcement officers, academics, and legislators are rapidly shifting their viewpoints on what habits constitute trafficking and how to best start investigating these occurrences. Although not all situations define trafficking in the same way, there is increasing accord on the types of behaviors that encapsulate these occurrences.

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Human Trafficking Sample Essay Assignment | Homework Help Online . (2022, June 22). Essay Writing . Retrieved December 04, 2022, from https://www.essay-writing.com/samples/human-trafficking-sample-essay/
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Human Trafficking Sample Essay Assignment | Homework Help Online . [online]. Available at: <https://www.essay-writing.com/samples/human-trafficking-sample-essay/> [Accessed 04 Dec. 2022].
Human Trafficking Sample Essay Assignment | Homework Help Online [Internet]. Essay Writing . 2022 Jun 22 [cited 2022 Dec 04]. Available from: https://www.essay-writing.com/samples/human-trafficking-sample-essay/
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