How Uncertainty And Fear Stimulate Conspiracy Theories

Over the years, the human race has adapted to the changing times by developing new perspectives to overcome challenges facing individuals in their immediate environment. In pursuit of answers and clarity on events taking place in the contemporary world, people tend to develop specific theories that guide them through their path of revelation. Conspiracy theories have existed for the longest time now, with the concept becoming interesting by the day. Even though a section of the population quickly dismisses these theories whenever they emerge, many individuals associate the views with the truth because of the inability of relevant authorities to expose them to the reality (Carey 2019). By observing the aspects revolving around conspiracy theories, individuals tend to believe the facts in the arguments when the relevant authorities tend to act otherwise. Censoring information exposes individuals to a challenging environment where they begin to doubt normalcy, with the hope of discovering specific issues that affect their ability to focus on the truth.

Uncertainty and fear inspire the development of conspiracy theories because of the human nature to unclog the facts and acquire a specific level of understanding regarding issues taking place in their surroundings. Throughout human existence, conspiracy theories have determined the quality of relationships between individuals and their ability to uncover specific aspects that affect the approaches people should use to solve conflicts in their midst (Radnitz & Underwood 2017). However, conspiracy theories only occur during a situational crisis and serve as a lead or distraction that limit individuals from learning the truth. In some instances, conspiracy theories initiate a particular type of belief that inspires the behavior of individuals and how they connect with other people in their surroundings. Rapid societal change and societal crisis trigger conspiracy theories that focus on creating a specific type of understanding that enables individuals to view life from a different perspective (Göknar 2019). In a society with limited democratic rights, the desire to challenge political systems will always stimulate belief in conspiracy theories and other arguments that portray the elite negatively.

Historical Accounts of Conspiracy Theories

From the different conspiracy theories that have emerged on various occasions, one can indicate that the arguments are inspired by specific objectives that focus on influencing the decision-making process of individuals. At any given, the average human being aligns his or her interests with particular ideas that define their identity (Van Prooijen and Douglas 2017). Regardless of the political or religious inclination, conspiracy theories have a specific aspect of information that appears correct, especially when the existing political elements seem to be unclear. For instance, the U.S. has encountered a series of situational crises such as terror attacks, plane crashes, and natural disasters, which have disrupted the attitudes held by people towards life. During these unrelated events, the government has responded differently to each tragedy, creating room for the development of theories to examine its role in mitigating the issue from occurring (Mitchell 2019). Immediately after the 9/11 terror attacks, conspiracy theories emerged, indicating the government’s prior knowledge of the disturbing event and role of certain high-serving government officials. They facilitated safe passage to the terrorists. Even though government institutions have disputed the arguments, many people now believe that the attacks could have been mitigated if the people involved remained loyal to their country.

Currently, the world is reeling from the #Covid-19 pandemic that has claimed many lives in the U.S. Check sample persuasive essay on Covid-19 for more information on Corona Virus. than any other part of the world. Ranging from Bill Gates’ involvement in the development of the virus to China’s creation of modern biological warfare, conspiracy theories have taken center stage in many discussions because of the chronic nature of individuals. Today, the U.S. government has taken a slow approach in addressing the issue and reassuring the people about their ability to overpower the virus. From this realization, the emergence of conspiracy theories on the pandemic is inspired by the strength of individuals to trace unrelated events where the key proponents in the discussion might have made any controversial statements. However, citizens have the right to information regarding the different events taking place in their surroundings (Nail, Cobb, & Owen 2019). Regardless of the approaches, the government uses to resolve issues taking place in the community. The public should be informed about any consequences that might accrue from intentional or unintended outcomes. By exposing individuals to an enabling environment where they can access information on different results taking place in their surroundings, it becomes easier to control the development and spread of conspiracy theories.

In the medieval world, conspiracy theories were pursued as leads for news stories in the mainstream media because of their ability to challenge the relevant authority to share any legitimate information regarding various aspects that involved the people. By pursuing the sources of conspiracy theories, individuals were exposed to information they would have never encountered, making the public familiarize itself with the secrets of the ruling government. In Bulgaria, various scholars focused on the approach taken by online readers in over 1500 articles, an aspect that revealed the perspectives of individuals on what is shared by the truth (Slavtcheva-Petkova 2016). After any crisis, governments embark on a defensive strategy to protect the interests of the citizenry, with the hope of protecting them from the consequences of learning the truth. While many of the deadly outcomes recorded today are engineered by the government, learning the details would expose individuals to a challenging environment where they are unable to overcome certain conditions presenting individuals in their surroundings. However, the online space has created an enabling environment for individuals to develop and spread conspiracy theories that seek to unearth the truth from information regarding numerous issues taking place in the world today.

In the modern corporate world, company managers develop conspiracy theories to create a climate of fear that compels employees to align their interests with the desired objectives of the organization. With the help of influential individuals in the work environment, conspiracy theories in many companies have a specific plan that focuses on the realization of specified goals and objectives. Even though many organizations have clearly outlined their targets, many employees fail to understand the desired outcomes because of their different ambitions in life (Van Prooijen & de Vries 2016). From this realization, creating viable solutions in the world today prompts individuals to focus on specific aspects that revolve around the changing corporate world. Amidst a constantly evolving consumer market, many corporations strive to meet the different expectations held by individuals regarding particular products. For this reason, the approach taken by company leaders to manage expectations between employees and consumers determines their ability to overcome the challenges affecting individuals in their immediate environment.

Why the Public is Addicted to Conspiracy Theories

In the world today, people have a different way of connecting with aspects taking place in their surroundings. Despite the outcomes initiated by various events in the community, the consequences to each action are measured by its impact on the public. At any given time, the government is expected to take care of people’s needs because of its obligation that ties it to various mandates in their surroundings (Van Prooijen 2018). Apart from unforeseen circumstances such as natural disasters, government institutions should embrace their resources to develop a systemic approach that improves the measures that should be taken to control people’s thoughts in their immediate environment. From this perspective, many scholars have dug deeper to study and understand the thought process of individuals and their reactions to issues affecting their focus towards life (Jones 2001). Regardless of the efforts embraced by government institutions regarding the need to formulate specific strategies, the desire to overcome the challenges hindering growth in the corporate world and beyond is influenced by the emergence of conspiracy theories that appear to either distract individuals or lead them to the truth.

Understanding conspiracy theories requires one to focus beyond the available information that is issued as the government’s position on a topical issue affecting individuals in their immediate environment. However, the public should align their interests with the cover-ups and wild plots executed by powerful forces in the government. From this perspective, resolving issues affecting individuals in their immediate environment becomes easier because of the need to create viable solutions that examine the credibility of government institutions and their ability to consolidate information that suits the people’s needs (Douglas, Sutton, and Cichocka, 2017). On many occasions, conspiracy theories are quickly dismissed on the grounds of authenticity, which appears to be the position of the government when confronted to account for its responsibility. Negligence and other attributes associated with the modern governments are some of the aspects that compel individuals to embrace conspiracy theories because of their ability to offer short-term results. Nonetheless, they can be addictive because of their ability to disrupt a person’s way of viewing life. Instead of focusing on solving issues affecting people, conspiracy theorists exploit even facts with the hope of disputing them, instead of seeking for the truth.

Personal accounts of individuals who have encountered conspiracy theories reveal a certain pattern that begins slowly before reaching a full-blown stage where everything to them is attached to a puzzle, which they must solve. On many occasions, individuals are exposed to an enabling environment where they are supposed to pursue their dreams and align their interests with the changing needs of individuals in their surroundings. Although the approach used by many people does not yield positive returns, the balance of evaluating their thoughts are determined by the need to accomplish certain aspects that define human existence (Tonković, Tomas, and Vranić 2018). In the world today, the public is exposed to various conditions that define the approaches that can be used to overcome certain aspects of interaction, which affect their focus on life. However, understanding the causes of situational crises compels individuals to unearth facts in their desire to identify new information on the issue. Given the satisfactory nature of discovery, presenting this new set of information to other people not only encourages them to pursue other leads but also focus on accomplishing a new set of details that conflict existing data on events.

The Role of Intelligence Communities in Handling Conspiracy Theories

Conspiracy theories are promoted by democratic systems that expose individuals to certain rights and freedoms, which define their interaction in the contemporary world. In countries that are defined by dictatorship, it is difficult for individuals to engage in conspiracy theories because of the ability of the government to use force to threaten the public about its limited rights. From this realization, the U.S. and China handle this aspect differently because of the different capacities that define the influence of democracy in the two nations (Best Jr 2008). Importantly, individuals in the U.S. have a right to express themselves where they enjoy the benefits of the freedom that is enshrined in their constitution. However, China limits the extend people can access information to control the spread of propaganda and conspiracy theories. From this evaluation, the perspective of conspiracy theories differs significantly as one interacts with different individuals from various cultural backgrounds. In exploiting the measures that should be adopted in the world today, the citizenry should be exposed to an enabling environment where people can pursue their beliefs and overcome challenges taking place in their surroundings.

Spies and intelligence communities are tasked with the role of defining different threats that can affect the growth and development of a country’s economy. By stitching the different bits of information that are shared by external parties, intelligence communities play a significant role in exposing a country to an enabling environment where it can accomplish its desired objectives in the geopolitical environment. However, situational crises are easy yet difficult to control, an outcome that encourages the spread and promotion of conspiracy theories. For instance, the 9/11 attacks compelled individuals to focus on the measures that could have been put to place to deal with the underlying uncertainties regarding terrorism influence in the country (Andrew, Aldrich, and Wark 2019). Analyzing the steps taken by the U.S. government to deal with conflicting news reports regarding the crisis demonstrates the impact of institutions when they embark on roles affecting the safety and wellbeing of individuals. Considering the different activities that must be undertaken to resolve the conflicts, individuals should understand their role in creating an enabling environment for the government to execute its mandate of protecting the people. Therefore, conspiracy theorists are actively involved in the search for any information that might yield alternative information contrary to the one provided by the government and its affiliate institutions.

In recent times, countries have imposed measures on different stakeholder groups to control the flow of information. Considering the impact of democracy on the perspectives of individuals, many people are entitled to the right to access information that is devoid of any attempts to create outcomes, which affect individual ability to focus on issues affecting their lifestyle. However, uncertainty and fear stimulate conspiracy theories because of the need for individuals to learn the truth (Webb 2007). For instance, individuals in China resorted to social media, where they captured live images and videos to demonstrate what the government was doing to curb the spread of the pandemic. Considering the nature of activities embraced by the government to develop innovative solutions to problems, the need to censor information to benefit their narratives often comes to play. From this realization, individuals fail to recognize the need to access information without any barriers in place that hinder their decision-making process and other characteristics related to human behavior. For this reason, understanding the role of spies and intelligence communities in the world today compels individuals to focus on the different aspects affecting lifestyles around the world.

The Role of Uncertainty and Fear in Developing Conspiracy Theories

Historically, conspiracy theories have been associated with prejudice, revolutions, and other aspects of change that define the focus of individuals towards life. In resolving these issues, different scholars have demonstrated their role in addressing the cause and impact of conspiracy theories in the community. Despite the measures adopted by governments to protect the wellbeing of individuals, incidents where the public rejected some of the viable solutions to their problems have been recorded. From this realization, the understanding of conspiracy theories appears to have taken a broad perspective where individuals have been accused of peddling numerous aspects of interactions that push a certain narrative. However, to describe the nature of activities initiated by secret plot by two or more actors in the political and economic scene, scholars must identify the thin line that differentiates facts from fiction (Sheldon 2008). Notably, conspiracy theorists might become creative and develop certain points of view that provoke the thought process of individuals to view certain aspects of existence differently. When this happens, it becomes impossible for normalcy to prevail because of the emergence of an alternative force whose concern is unraveling the truth from the political class without considering their role in specific activities.

Certain countries such as Russia and China have a reputation of creating conspiracy theories and presenting them as the truth, which affects the perspectives of individuals towards the implicated governments. While propaganda and conspiracy theories were key instruments of war that enabled German’s Adolf Hitler to prepare a strong military front in the Second World War, modern governments have mastered the art of diffusing these theories in public. On many occasions, conspiracy theories distract individuals from the truth, as opposed to the belief that they will influence the thought process of individuals. From this observation, different individuals approach propaganda and conspiracy theories with caution because of their ability to brainwash individuals by challenging normalcy and replacing it with conspiracy theories (Wilford 2013). Many of the believers of conspiracy theorists are unable to differentiate facts from fiction because of their false sense of belief that distracts them from understanding the truth. Looking at the nature of human behavior, individuals tend to believe the information they think will lead them towards the truth. However, in certain instances, people pursue the works of fiction to distract them from learning the truth, which is usually distasteful and ugly.

In an environment where people are confined to believe certain ideas, conspiracy theories emerge naturally because of the nature of individuals to question normalcy and the attempts by the government to control the flow of information. People turn to conspiracy theories when external sources threaten their existence. For example, a whistleblower in a corporation involved in a scandal may resort to conspiracy theories to justify his or her actions. While the information might not be factual, it helps individuals to focus on the actual operations of the organization. By focusing on the changing needs of individuals, it becomes easier to understand the needs of the public and its ability to focus on improving their lifestyle. Often, conspiracy theories are linked to the overall feeling of powerlessness that hinders the ability of individuals to engage in their normal activities. From this perspective, conspiracy theories give people a reason to believe and question the approaches used by other individuals to control their influence in the community.

Conclusion

Censoring information exposes individuals to a challenging environment where they begin to doubt normalcy, with the hope of discovering certain issues that affect their ability to focus on the truth. Understanding the impact of conspiracy theories requires scholars and other individuals to analyze the political and religious beliefs that define their focus on life. On many occasions, if one is not a strong believer, he or she will question any aspect of information that questions their religious belief and value system. Looking at the behavior of individuals in the world today, the need to accomplish certain objectives is guided by the approaches used to focus on the emerging topics in the world today. However, conspiracy theories denote an increase in the overall feeling of powerlessness that hinders individuals from making informed decisions in their immediate environment. By focusing on the reactions of people when exposed to different scenarios, the impact of conspiracy theories based on uncertainty on fear becomes easy to measure.

 

 

List of References

Andrew, C., Aldrich, R.J. and Wark, W.K. eds., 2009. Secret intelligence: A reader. Routledge.

Best Jr, R.A., 2008. What the Intelligence Community Got Right About IraqIntelligence and National Security23(3), pp.289-302.

Carey, J.M. 2019, “Who Believes in Conspiracy Theories in Venezuela?“, Latin American Research Review, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 444-457.

Douglas, K.M., Sutton, R.M. and Cichocka, A., 2017. The psychology of conspiracy theories. Current directions in psychological science26(6), pp.538-542.

Göknar, E. 2019, “Conspiracy Theory in Turkey: Politics and Protest in the Age of “Post-Truth””, The Middle East Journal, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 336-337.

Jones, C., 2001. ‘A reach greater than the grasp’: Israeli intelligence and the conflict in south Lebanon 1990–2000. Intelligence and National Security16(3), pp.1-26.’

Mitchell, S.S.D. 2019, “Population Control, Deadly Vaccines, and Mutant Mosquitoes: The Construction and Circulation of Zika Virus Conspiracy Theories Online”, Canadian Journal of Communication, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. PP211-PP237.

Nail, P.R., Cobb, C.L. & Owen, C.E. 2019, “Evidence that Negative Maternal Transference Is at the Root of Americans’ Beliefs in 9/11 Conspiracy Theories”, North American Journal of Psychology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 127-150.

Radnitz, S. & Underwood, P. 2017, “Is Belief in Conspiracy Theories Pathological? A Survey Experiment on the Cognitive Roots of Extreme Suspicion”, British Journal of Political Science, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 113-129.

Sheldon, R.M., 2008. Espionage in the Ancient World: An annotated Bibliography of books and articles in Western languages. McFarland.

Slavtcheva-Petkova, V. 2016, “Are Newspapers’ Online Discussion Boards Democratic Tools or Conspiracy Theories’ Engines? A Case Study on an Eastern European “Media War””, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 1115-1134.

Tonković, M., Tomas, J. and Vranić, A., 2018, January. Conspiracy Theories In Transitional Society: Cognition, Personality, Or Culture–Which Contributes The Most?. In International Meeting of Psychonomic Society.

van Prooijen, J. & de Vries, R.,E. 2016, “Organizational Conspiracy Beliefs: Implications for Leadership Styles and Employee Outcomes”, Journal of Business and Psychology, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 479-491.

Van Prooijen, J. W. (2018). The psychology of conspiracy theories. Routledge.

Van Prooijen, J.W. and Douglas, K.M., 2017. Conspiracy theories as part of history: The role of societal crisis situations. Memory studies10(3), pp.323-333.

Webb, M., 2007. Illusions of security: Global surveillance and democracy in the post-9/11 world. City Lights Books.

Wilford, H., 2013. The CIA, the British Left and the Cold War: Calling the Tune?. Routledge.

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How Uncertainty And Fear Stimulate Conspiracy Theories . (2022, July 09). Essay Writing . Retrieved August 16, 2022, from https://www.essay-writing.com/samples/how-uncertainty-and-fear-stimulate-conspiracy-theories/
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