The Maya created the most elaborate calendar system of any culture in the world. This intricate system led the Maya inhabitants to become the greatest astronomers of their time, identifying the rotations of the sun and moon. The Maya civilization plotted the movements of the moon, Mars, and Venus and calibrated the occurrences of lunar eclipses based on observations (Scharping, 2020). The Maya civilization thus aligned most activities with the position of the planets. The Maya calendar dates back to the 5th century BCE and is still used in the contemporary world. In the present day, the excerpts of Maya civilization are found in Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, and parts of Mexico, maintaining the culture and beliefs of the prehistoric community. The Maya civilization is attributed to being the calendar creators due to the immense developments they contributed to the system. However, the system predates the Maya civilization since it was already used in pre–Columbian Central America. It is presumed to have originated from the Olmec civilization. The Maya calendar is a masterpiece based on its extreme accuracy. It is approximately 10,000th of a day more accurate than the typical calendar in the contemporary world. The fundamental structure of the Maya calendar was in the form of stone slabs which the Maya priests carved representative figures and significant events in the civilization’s history.
The Maya Calendar
The Maya had a specific calendar dedicated to the human being. The sacred and personal calendar of the Maya was created to help human beings understand nature’s daily frequency and empower the individual with the energy of the universe. The Maya calendar consists of three vital calendars; the Long Count, the Tzolkin, and the Haab. Each day was sacred and meantthe relationship between animals, land, and humans. Each calendar is cyclical, meaning that several days must occur before a new cycle begins. The Maya calendar was written using hieroglyphics. The Mayan hieroglyphics used symbols referred to as glyphs to represent objects, sounds, and words.
The first most vital calendar was the Haab. The Haab resembles a 365-day solar calendar that is split into 18 months of 20 days each. In addition, there is one month which is only five days long. The calendar is characterized by an outer ring of Mayan glyph representing each of the 19 months. In the Haab calendar, each day is designated by a numeral in the month followed by the month’s name. Each glyph denotes a personality associated with the month, which was determined at birth.
The second most crucial calendar was the Tzolkin calendar. The Tzolkin is also referred to as the spiritual calendar.In this calendar system, days are composed of two concepts, the tones and the day signs. Tzolkin consists of a 260-day year with 20 periods of 13 days.The 13-day calendar is constituted by the tones or numbers 1 to 13 (Bikos, 2019). The numbers are used to describe the intention of creation and the feminine aspect. In parallel with the 13 tones, each tone is assigned one of 20 different signs which describe the masculine aspect of creation. Each day’s names constitute a god believed to mark the passage of day and night by switching time beyond the sky.The Maya used the Tzolkin to plan for ceremonies and to pay honor and tribute to particular deities
The Long Count
The Long Count was developed to remove the inadequacies of the 52-year cycle. The Long Count would be used to ensure the continued measurement of time through the ages. The Long Count calendar is used to track the number of years in a particular period. The Maya referred to it as the Universal Cycle. The cycle is approximately 2,880,000 days long or 7,885 solar years. The Mayas believed that the universe is demolished and then recreated at the onset of every universal process.The destruction of the universe was presumed to happen when the gods were not satisfied with the actions of humanity. This beliefinspires the end of days prophecies with the most recent occurrence between the 2012 phenomenon.
According to the Gregorian calendar, the current age is the fifth age of the Maya,which began in August in 3114BC.According to Chilam Balam books, the road to the stars descended from the sky. The nine and the 13 gods descended from the heavens to teach the Maya about various cultural disciplines such as mathematics, astronomy, and agriculture. This marks the starting date for all ensuing counting akin to the birth of Christ as a starting point for contemporary historical dates. The long count year is only 360 days. The Long Count’s onset is the beginning of the current creation revolution and is proportional to the present age. The Long Count was based on various units of time entailing kin representing one day, a uinal representing a month, a tun representing 360 days, a Katun representing 20 tuns, and a baktun representing 400 years.
Reading the Maya Calendar
The Maya calendar used the three calendars simultaneously. There is a cycle of 20 names, a cycle of 13 numbers, and a 365 days soar year. Haab and Tzolkin identify the days only. The Long Count date comes first, followed by the Tzolkin date, while the Haab comes last. An example of a standard Maya calendar date includes18.104.22.168.0 3 Ahau 6 Kumku. The 22.214.171.124.0 is the Long Count date, and the Tzolkin date is the 3 Ahau, while the Haab date is the 6 Kumku. Thus, a typical date in the Maya calendar is defined by its bearings in the Tzolkin and the Haab calendars. This system produces a total of 18,980 distinct date combinations (Salmeri,2020). These combinations are used to distinguish each day within a cycle called a Calendar Round. The cycle lasts about 52 years until the three cycles line up again.In the Maya calendar visualization, the date combinations are denoted by two hoops revolving in opposite directions. The most miniature hoop incorporates 260 teeth, each comprising the days named in the Tzolkin. The larger hoop includes 365 teeth and consists of each of the bearings of the Haab year. In practice, as both the hoops revolve, the identity of the Tzolkin day commensurate to each Haab bearing.
The Maya calendar was used to serve both a sacred and practical purpose. The calendar was instrumental in astronomical estimations and divinations. The 260-day hoop was used to estimate extra-terrestrial events such as the surfacing of Venus and mars. It is also alleged to constitute the human ingestion cycle from conception to the birth of a human body and decide significant activities related to the deities and humans. The Maya calendar was also used to document important occasions such as battle dates, marriages, and their leaders’ reign (Lamb,2017). It was also used to name peopleand used as an eternal forecasting machine since each day had its unique associations and omens. The calendar was also used to determine past and future happenings. The birth of a child corresponded to predetermined fate since the date was connected to a particular deity who influenced his or her life actions. For example, being born on a day connected to a lucky god meant your life was full of luck. Besides, the last five-day month was considered sinister and was associated with bad omen and death. The Haab calendar was primarily used to determine agricultural seasons.The Haab was used to know when to plant and harvest crops,mainly maize. In addition, the Maya calendar was to correspond the actions of the Maya rulers to mythological events. The Maya priests calculated the anniversary days of the actual event and the rulers reenacted the event.
Scharping, N. (2020, December 22). How the Maya Created Their Extraordinarily Accurate Calendar Thousands of Years Ago. Discover Magazine. https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/how-the-maya-created-their-extraordinarily-accurate-calendar-thousands-of
Salmeri, S. (2020, April 29). Experiencing Maya: Hidden Worlds Revealed- The Maya Calendar. Connecticut Science Center. https://ctsciencecenter.org/blog/experiencing-maya-hidden-worlds-revealed-the-maya-calendar/
Bikos, K. (2019). The Mayan Calendar. Timeanddate.com.https://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/mayan.html
Lamb, W. (2017). The Maya Calendar: A Book of Months, 400–2000 CE. University of Oklahoma Press.
Quality Research Papers
If you’re looking for an Essay writing service to help turn all of your hard work into a product that readers can appreciate, then look no further than us. With a team of writers who go the extra mile, and customer support representative’s around-the-clock eager to assist you, we are ready to ace any exam or provide any posterity with what they need.
Top Assignment Writers
Our writers are experienced professionals who have the knowledge to write about any subject matter in an interesting way while maintaining academic integrity. Our professional writers work day and night to ensure that you receive quality essays on time without any delay or interruption. With many years of experience behind us, our company is now led by professionals with extensive knowledge in various fields of study.
You will never need to worry about plagiarism or getting caught up in the stress of completing assignments when you use our professional services! Get started today by ordering your first paper from us and we'll give you 10% off!
24/7 Customer Support
We are available 24/7, 365 days a year to help you out with your academic needs!
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money Back Guarantee
These academic experts are distinct from most other writing services because they have doctoral degrees and decades of professional experience in academia. And because they know how overwhelming college life can be, we waive all minimum deadlines so you can focus on studying without worrying about your assignment always hanging over your head.
Our Academic writers are confident and highly capable to take on any challenge. However, we do not allow customers who abuse the free revisions privilege.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
When the world rushes and deadlines increase, it's hard to put your best foot forward. Essay-writing.com is here to help you with top quality essays on all topics, from history papers and engineering design descriptions to sociology case studies. You can count on a professional team of writers who are well researched in their field as they develop an original paper for you with 24/7 customer support.
Essay-writing.com is an excellent solution for all your problems regarding writing admission essays. You don't need to worry about anything anymore because we will provide you with high-quality papers written by expert writers who know how to write professionally!
Paper Formats and Types
From time management skills to APA format citations; from MLA formatting rules for research papers; from college application essays where the stakes are high--all these aspects of academic life become clearer as we write it all down on paper! Essay-Writing.com is a professional essay writing service that provides students with well-researched, high quality essays on any topic and at any level of study.
Editing & Proofreading
Some of our clients prefer to write their essays themselves and have a third-party like Essay-writing.com proofread it for errors after they are done writing. We have a skilled team of editors who examine your paper closely, looking out for any mistakes that may lessen the appeal or effectiveness of the essay as well as make amends in order to better improve its overall quality before you submit it anywhere else! For all your editing needs, turn to Essay-writing.com
You work hard at your academics, and you should be rewarded, with a revision or modification for free on any order from an assignment to dissertation papers.