Fracking is the process of inserting high pressure into earth’s surfaces using liquid substances. The main objective of creating increased pressure is to open the fissures and extract gas or oil. Some of these surfaces are rocks and boreholes. A broad debate exists regarding fracking. Public opinion has a vital role in the debate about fracturing across the state and national levels (Christenson, Goldfarb & Kriner, 2017). Opponents regard it as an environmental and political issue due to global warming and air pollution. Jackson, et al., (2014) argue that fracking generates air toxins which act as potential health threats. The perception deters its utilization as a source of energy. Proponents, on the other hand, determine it a safe, clean, and economical source of energy.
Fracking supports supply chain sustainability. Clean and affordable energy guarantees improved reliance on energy. The process has a greater capacity and ability to meet the growing energy demand in the market. Worldwide nations have increased the dependence on natural gas as a source of energy due to the fracturing processes. Chen, Al-Wadei, Kennedy and Terry (2014) state that a country such as the US has become a key leader in natural gas production. The shale gas industry relies on components such as water, sand, drilling fluids among others. These elements attract a lower cost, often reliable and characterized by lower emissions. The switch to shale gas continues to lower carbon emissions across the world. Thus, fracking supports enhanced supply chain sustainability because of the provision of economical and clean energy.