Babies born with less than 1500g are classified as Very Low Birth Weight. Infants born at low birth weight requires special health care needs as compared to normal birth weight infants. Low birth weight babies are at risk for chronic diseases like; cerebral palsy, respiratory problems, infections, and poor postnatal growth. The diseases raise the need for special services and education. 19% of light birth weight and 14% of deficient birth weight infants have below-average IQs (McNicholas et al., 2014). Most effects of extremely low birth weight and very low birth weight persist into adulthood. Research indicates that very low birth weight is connected to poor learning achievement, low university, college, high school attendance, and more health issues such as respiratory disorders and high blood pressure. Very low birth weight is an essential predictor of socioeconomic status.
In 2001, medical expenses for very low birth weight births added up to $5.8 billion. This represented 47% of the baby’s hospitalization expenses and 27% of all pediatric costs. An estimate provided by national research indicated that low birth weight; throughout the infant’s life is $ 51000. low birth weight is connected with a host of medical comorbidities such as gastrointestinal problems, heart problems, blood problems, and immune system problems. Research analysis indicated that 8% of babies born by females of Hispanic origin and African American fathers were low birth weight compared to babies born to Hispanic origin parents. Research has realized Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) to improve low-class families’ health and nutrition (Weber et al., 2018). WIC offers nutritious food, breastfeeding support, and nutrition education for millions of low-class families.