Courtroom Security Controls


The protection of courtroom personnel and the prevention of sabotage attempts by defendants through unruly behaviour is paramount in maintaining the integrity of the judicial process. There have been numerous cases where criminal defendants become violent towards courtroom personnel, use inappropriate language and threaten judges and witnesses. Judges have the discretion to use various sanctions to maintain the dignity and decorum of the courtroom and the judicial process. The sanctions used to deal with such behaviour in the courtroom include physical restraints such as handcuffs, gags and leg irons, verbal warnings, citations for contempt and expulsion of the defendants from the courtroom (Knitter, 2020). However, the use of physical restraint is a contentious issue where the defendants represent themselves in court proceedings. The use of physical restraints on a pro-se defendant is deemed infringing on the right of a fair trial as obligated by the sixth amendment of the Bill of Rights.

The physical restraints interfere with the pro-se defendant’s comprehension ability, lead to a communication breakdown with counsel, and disregard the trial process’s integrity. In addition, the physical restraints raise concerns of due process since they lead to jury prejudice. The physical restraints are deemed to undermine the presumption of innocence; thus, jurors assume the defendant is a dangerous individual and attach some level of guilt before the trial commences (Etemad, 2019). The presiding judge is responsible for improved controls in the courtroom since he/she should uphold the constitutional rights of personnel involved in trials, such as the right of due process.



Opportunities and Recommendations

There are various practices judges may use to maintain the dignity of the courtroom in the presence of a disruptive defendant. Physical restraints should be implemented in the presence of a particular need where such measures are reasonably necessary to avert atrocities in the courtroom, to prevent the defendant from escaping and provide safety to persons in the courtroom. The special needs include the findings that the defendant is a security or flight risk. However, there are specific procedures to follow in the implementation of physical restraints. The conditions include; a formal hearing that should be initiated outside the jury’s presence before restraining a pro-se defendant that gives the defendant a chance to challenge the purpose of restraints and mandatory appointment of counsel for pro-se defendants. These conditions allow the court proceedings to continue without infringing on the sixth amendment rights of the defendant.

Consequently, the presiding judge should enter into record reasons for ordering a physical restraint. Where the physical restraint occurs in the jury’s presence, the judge should demand that the bonds not be considered in determining the individual’s guilt. In-custody courtroom restraints should be used to prevent the jury from witnessing the defendant in physical restraints (Sabaratnam, 2018). An example of an in-custody restraint is the stun belt which is placed under the defendant’s clothing. The stun belt is not visible to the jury and public and is used to shock individuals who are aggressive in court through a wireless system. This system should only be used where defendants are deemed extremely dangerous or prefer them to other restraints.

In extreme cases, a violent and unruly defendant should be removed from the courtroom but not the court premises while the trial is in progress. However, the defendant should be given counsel regarding his/her right to return to the courtroom. The defendant has the right to resume the courtroom upon request and subsequent assurance of good behaviour. The judge should also use deadbolt locks to secure doors and create a safe zone in the courtroom to prevent interference in court proceedings. The use of handheld metal detectors is also necessary to initiate weapons checks before entering the courtroom. In addition, a pistol locker is most valuable to secure the storage of guns and prevent possible snatching of handguns by personnel.




Etemad, N. (2019). To Shackle or Not to Shackle: The Effect of Shackling on Judicial Decision-Making. S. Cal. Rev. L. & Soc. Just., 28, 349.

Knitter, J. (2020). ” Don’t Move”: Redefining” Physical Restraint” in Light of a United States Circuit Court Divide. Seattle UL Rev., 44, 205.

Sabaratnam, T. (2018). Prejudicial Routine Shackling of Defendants Without Proper Judicial Assessment During Pretrial: A Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment Violation. UIC J. Marshall L. Rev., 52, 881.

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -


Quality Research Papers

If you’re looking for an Essay writing service to help turn all of your hard work into a product that readers can appreciate, then look no further than our essay writing website. With a team of writers who go the extra mile, and customer support representative’s around-the-clock eager to assist you, we are ready to ace any exam or provide any posterity with what they need.

Top Assignment Writers

Our essay writers are experienced professionals who have the knowledge to write an essay about any subject matter in an interesting way while maintaining academic integrity. Our professional essay writers work day and night to ensure that you receive quality essays on time without any delay or interruption. With many years of experience behind us, our essay writing website is now led by professionals with extensive knowledge in various fields of study.

Zero Plagiarism

For any write my essay for me request, you will never need to worry about plagiarism or getting caught up in the stress of completing assignments when you use our professional services! Get started today by ordering your first paper from us and we'll give you 10% off!

24/7 Customer Support

We are available 24/7, 365 days a year to help you out with your academic needs! if you have any "do my paper" questions or technical concerns, simply chat with one of our essay writing customer service representatives via the Chat Window on the bottom right corner of this screen

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money Back Guarantee

These academic experts are distinct from most other essay writing websites because they have doctoral degrees and decades of professional experience in academia. And because they know how overwhelming college life can be, we waive all minimum deadlines so you can focus on studying without worrying about your assignment always hanging over your head.

Free Revisions

Our Academic writers are confident and highly capable to take on any challenge ranging from a simple high school essay, question and answer assignment help, PowerPoint Presentation, research paper, dissertation, among others . However, we do not allow customers who abuse the free revisions privilege.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

When the world rushes and deadlines increase, it's hard to put your best foot forward. is here to help you with top quality essays on all topics, from history papers and engineering design descriptions to sociology case studies. For any write my essay for me request, you can count on a professional team of essay writers who are well experienced and researched in their field as they develop an original paper for you with 24/7 customer support.


Homework Help Service is an excellent solution for all your problems regarding writing an outstanding admission essay. You don't need to worry about anything anymore because we will provide you with high-quality papers written by expert writers who know how to write professionally!


Paper Formats and Types

From time management skills to APA format citations; from MLA formatting rules for research papers; from college application essays where the stakes are high--all these aspects of academic life become clearer as we write it all down on paper! is a professional essay writing service that provides students with well-researched, high quality essays on any topic and at any level of study.


Editing & Proofreading

Some of our clients prefer to write their essays themselves and have a third-party like proofread it for errors after they are done writing. We have a skilled team of editors who examine your paper closely, looking out for any mistakes that may lessen the appeal or effectiveness of the essay as well as make amends in order to better improve its overall quality before you submit it anywhere else! For all your editing needs, turn to


Revision Support

You work hard at your academics, and you should be rewarded, with a revision or modification for free on any order from a discursive essay , assignment to dissertation papers.