Why do you think there is a discrepancy in the policy response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 among different countries in the world?
Different nations across the globe have handled the corona pandemic differently, hence the difference in the number of new cases and deaths. After its first case in Wuhan China, nations did not take the virus to be a matter of urgency and ignored undertaking measure s that would prevent the virus from spreading from China to the rest of the world. They hence opened their borders and allowed persons to interact freely without any precautionary measures that would help combat the virus.
After the fast spreading of the virus, there was an urgency to develop bestpolicies that would help tackle the pandemic. Various nations developed differing policies, each to protect its citizens. The most hit country then, China, Hard hit cities like Wuhan, where the outbreak began, decided to go into a complete lockdown. As a result, millions were forced to work from home and self-quarantine. The persons who broke these rules were detained. As much as these measures were drastic, they appear to have paid off, since the situation in the city is lowly stabilizing in mainland China and the cases declining per day.
However, many heads of states, particularly in Europe, failed to come up with such stringent measures that could prevent the spread of the virus into their nations. Countries such as Italy and Spain continued to allow for free movement of people and jetting in international flights, where the cases of the virus began to gradually increase to date when there have been more numbers of deaths reported as compared to China where the virus started. Initially, the heads of states from various countries were expected to converge and develop a central policy that would deal with the pandemic (Zhang et al., 2020). However, this did not happen, where each nation decided to have its policies and approaches. Some of these nations, such as Italy, have been unable to reduce the spread of the virus. This is mostly due to the very high number of cases, which are seen to overwhelm the health workers and facilities.
Some policies set by the governments have faced resistance from citizens, where this opposition has put many in danger of contracting the diseases. Other nations are also unable to deal with the handling of citizens, mostly in the event of locking down entirely. Italy has been forced to go to total lockdown after the cases soared up, and the number of deaths surpassed that of China. The shutdown involved the evacuating of town streets, closing down businesses, and all 60 million people urged to stay indoors. However, some countries have experienced challenges in ensuring that people stay indoors and keep up with the set regulations in place, where they have faced high levels of rejection (Zhang et al., 2020). Disobedience of these stringent measures could be associated with issues such as staying indoors without working, enough amenities, or socializing for an unspecified period, where it is uncertain when the levels of the COVID-19 virus spreading will be sufficiently minimized or done away with.
2- What factors and/or characteristics might be responsible for this discrepancy?
Multiple factors may have contributed to the discrepancy in the policy response by different nations across the globe. One major factor is the preparedness of various nations to encountering the pandemic. In the case of China, the country was late to contain the virus in December, hid the virus spread to the globe, and denied that the corona Virus would be a threat to the world. As a result, some of the nations were caught unaware by the pandemic prior to developing stringent policies that would help in fly preventing the virus from spreading. A second factor that may have led to the discrepancy in the policies was the greed and lust of some of the world’s political leaders.
After the World Health Organization provided funds, some of these leaders were eager to have a share of the money, rather than using it to effectively combat the virus. They hence loosened the policies set for them to have access to the funds. After the donation is made, they end up inappropriately handling it and fraudulently acquiring funds.
Thirdly, is on the issue of developing nations relying on developed countries for resources such as tourism, which is a source of foreign income. They also depend on nations such as China and India for supplies and raw materials for various development projects. Therefore, they barely imposed policies that could refrain guests from the ailing countries, which ultimately led to more spread of the virus. Imposing laws that could handle the virus was therefore not undertaken accordingly, leading to more spread of the COVID 19 virus in a majority of these nations.
Religion is also another factor that led to the discrepancy of policies amongst nations in the efforts of combating the COVID 19 virus. According to philosophers, religion is the opium of the poor. It is also a factor that sees a high number of believers interacting in the name of offering prayer and sacrifices to their ancestors. Through religion, some people, tend to plead for a libation to cleanse the pandemic, which unto many believers, its believed to be a curse such as India. They resulted in religion instead of developing the best measures that could scientifically get to deal with the virus or prevent spreading among the citizens. Lastly, the economic crisis is another factor f that may have led to the discrepancy (Sahin, 2020). In consideration of the financial crisis of 2008, a higher number of countries are there shunning away from closing down their premises, an action that enhances social gathering, which is one route of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 virus spread.
3- Which country (or countries) do you think have a better policy response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019, and why?
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the great examples of a country where the Ministries of Health and Interior have undertaken best measures strategies to reduce down the pandemic. There has been the incorporation of modern technology in the country, which involves the use of the E-learning technology system that applied for teaching. Moreover, technology applicability in Saudi Arabia has aided in the tracing the individuals who have had any contact with the infected individuals. Another measure by Saudi Arabia has been to lock down all the boundaries and routes for their respective countries, where all the flights have been blocked from getting into the country blocked from landing in these two countries. Other measures undertaken by the Saudi Government include advocating and enforcing social distancing and also ensuring that there is the enhancement of the utility payment to ensure that no citizen will be negatively affected economically (Guan et al., 2020). Nevertheless, negligence, as experienced in nations such as Italy, has seen the problem rising to a fatal stage, where the government is seen to be running out of control.