Understanding the different activities that took place in the medieval world requires one to analyze the approaches adopted by individuals to focus on various issues affecting their lifestyles. Many historic scholars have created an in-depth analysis that allows students and other interested parties to resonate with the views held by the ancient communities towards life. From this realization, creating a link to the ancient way of life has enabled individuals to make informed decisions by observing the patterns of existence that facilitated different outcomes, which have had a significant impact on subsequent generations. Prehistoric communities were defined by their lifestyle, which entailed hunting and gathering. Human life was described by the level of dependence on foraging, which exposed individuals to different activities in their immediate environment. As early civilizations began to emerge in the Middle East, the perspectives of individuals towards life began to change, creating a challenging environment where people could discover their desired goals.
The transition from the early form of existence led to the realization of homo sapiens whose intelligence outweighed the ability of other creatures to survive issues taking place in their immediate environment. Importantly, individuals were expected to overcome challenges that hindered them from creating meaningful relationships with other people in their surroundings. However, early men and women created an enabling environment where they could innovate and develop structures that would allow them to accomplish their goals (Marciniak, 2018). Some of the technological tools that were used by the early man include stone, bone, and wood. By using these tools, the early man’s curiosity led to the realization of various artifacts that are now considered exotic. While the early individual preferred to invest their dedication to the natural environment, their continued lack of innovative solutions compelled them to overcome issues associated with their operational performance.
While the origin of man is scientifically attributed to the evolution theory, individuals are portrayed in a certain way where they heed and respect their leaders because of their ability to make informed decisions. On many occasions, animal sacrifice was a common occurrence because of its impact on the religious beliefs and views of the prehistoric communities. During this phase, God was portrayed as a merciless and powerful business leader who punished individuals for their sins (Claudia, Enrico, Mercuri, Di Maida, Florenzano, & Nathalie, 2019). However, God’s instructions were recorded in the spiritual context, where one is expected to choose and make proper decisions that reflect on their ability to overcome challenges in their surroundings. Notably, animal worship can easily be transacted by a paying huge rise, where individuals benefit from their religious values when interacting with their peers. For this reason, students and other interested parties should learn how to differentiate the two before making the star, bio.
The early activities for individuals in the prehistoric communities were limited because of the inability to attach a value to certain products and services. In this regard, many people believe that hunting and gathering communities were tied to embrace certain approaches that hindered them from realizing the value of different commodities in their surroundings. However, understanding the transition of hunting and gathering communities requires one to evaluate the approaches that were taken by the early society to accomplish different objectives in their immediate environment. The concept of barter trade was introduced to allow certain population groups to access other commodities that were unavailable in their community. From this realization, people should note that hunting and gathering were the only activities the early communities can engage in to address various issues associated with their perspectives of life.
A council of elders comprised of individuals who compelled the rest of the community to embrace certain views towards life because of the need and desire to promote harmony in their immediate environment. Unlike in the Ancient Near East was the public insisted on embracing developments such as democracy, the prehistoric communities relied on a leadership model that bestowed power on a particular family lineage (Whitelaw, 2017). Regardless of the leadership skills of the subsequent heir, the people trusted his approach and guided him in undertaking different roles that safeguarded them from threats in their surrounding environment. Notably, the ability of a community to entrust a family lineage with control over their lifestyles demonstrated their willingness to accomplish different objectives that would yield positive results in their immediate environment.
Ancient Near East
Unlike the prehistorical age where individuals thrived on hunting and gathering, the realization of a new wave of civilization saw the ancient near east community drift towards a new way of life that exposed individuals to different opportunities. Importantly, individuals adopted a new style of existence that would see them develop systems of food production (Snell, 2020). Importantly, the advanced mechanism of agriculture denied people the ability to engage in activities that affected them from focusing on issues such as hunting and gathering. In an exciting twist of events, people now began living in more densely populated communities because of their ability to overcome issues that hindered them from relying on active food production.
In the emergence of this state of wokeness, individuals were exposed to a polytheistic religious approach that encouraged them to associate with different deities. In many instances, Atenism and Yahwism were the popular monotheistic religious approaches that urged believers to align their faith in one deity (Wengrow, 2018). Even though it was impossible to limit the public to a single choice of religion, the freedom led to the fast maturity and spread of religious views to other regions. Religious perspectives such as Judaism are attributed to the spread of Christianity and Islam, which have had a significant impact on the views held by individuals towards life.
Since individuals were no longer hunters and gatherers, the ancient New East created an enabling environment for the community to exchange different products for their preferred commodities. Although barter trade failed to attach a specific value in different goods and services, the development of a currency that would purchase almost everything led to the realization of different economic objectives in the ancient New East and beyond. Bartering played a significant role in Mesopotamia because of its ability to expose individuals to a conducive marketplace where people could obtain various products, which lacked in their immediate environment.
The formation of social classes and professional classification led to the growth of cities from the villages, which had accommodated different population groups. On many occasions, specialized labor was perceived as the best solution to address problems affecting people’s lifestyles. From this realization, the ancient New East achieved a consistent growth that reflected on its ability to realize different outcomes, which hindered the country from realizing its potential (Adams, 2018). Similarly, more complex systems of administration were introduced to govern the changing needs of individuals and expose them to an environment where they could be held responsible for their actions.
As early civilizations began to emerge in the Middle East, the perspectives of individuals towards life began to change, creating a challenging environment where people could discover their desired goals. Observing the attitude of individuals towards the two eras enables one to note the differences that define outcomes recorded during the periods of existence. By exploring the social, economic, and religious activities, scholars can develop different arguments, which focus on defining the significant events that took place between the two phases of existence. Observing activities and comparing the approaches adopted by the individuals creates an interesting conversation that highlights the need to overcome challenges that occur in the world today.
Adams, R. E. (2018). Ancient civilizations of the New World. Routledge.
Claudia, S., Enrico, G., Mercuri, A. M., Di Maida, G., Florenzano, A., & Nathalie, C. N. (2019). Landscape, plant remains and ecological data in prehistoric Sicily: a debate in human environmental sciences. In 25th EAA Annual Meeting (pp. 31-32).
Marciniak, A. (2018). Placing animals in the Neolithic: social zooarchaeology of prehistoric farming communities. Routledge.
Snell, D. C. (Ed.). (2020). A companion to the ancient Near East. John Wiley & Sons.
Wengrow, D. (2018). What Makes Civilization?: The Ancient Near East and the Future of the West. Oxford University Press.
Whitelaw, T. (2017). The development and character of urban communities in prehistoric Crete in their regional context. Minoan Architecture and Urbanism: New Perspectives on an Ancient Built Environment, 114-180.